The feasibility of providing community pharmacy-based services for alcohol misuse: a literature review

Margaret C Watson, Alison Blenkinsopp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Excessive consumption of alcohol is a major public health concern. The use of community pharmacies and pharmacists as sources of public health information and services is gaining greater recognition. The objective of this review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the feasibility, effectiveness and acceptability of providing community pharmacy-based services to address the excessive consumption of alcohol.
Methods Electronic databases were searched for the period 1996–2007 to identify relevant evidence. Searches were also conducted of relevant pharmacy and addiction journals. Information was sought from key contacts in pharmacy and alcohol research. Studies were included if they were conducted in a community pharmacy setting. Key findings The review comprised three feasibility studies which included 14 pharmacies and 500 customers. Non-significant reductions in alcohol consumption were reported with two studies following brief interventions by pharmacists. Between 30% and 53% of pharmacy customers were identified as having hazardous or harmful drinking behaviour. Customer opinion of the pharmacy-based alcohol services was not reported. Conclusions There has been little empirical evaluation of the effectiveness of community pharmacy-based services for alcohol misuse. The evidence presented in this review suggests that community pharmacy-based screening is feasible. Organisations and individuals involved with tackling excessive alcohol consumption should consider the inclusion of community pharmacies and pharmacists as part of their strategies to address this problem. Large-scale studies are needed to evaluate the short- and long-term effects and cost-effectiveness of community pharmacy-based interventions to reduce excessive alcohol consumption, as well as to explore the acceptability of the service to users.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-205
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Fingerprint

Community Pharmacy Services
Pharmacies
Alcohol Drinking
Alcohols
Pharmacists
Public health
Drinking Behavior
Information Services
United States Public Health Service
Feasibility Studies
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Cost effectiveness
Public Health
Organizations
Databases
Screening

Keywords

  • alcohol
  • community pharmacy
  • drinking
  • literature review
  • screening

Cite this

The feasibility of providing community pharmacy-based services for alcohol misuse : a literature review. / Watson, Margaret C; Blenkinsopp, Alison.

In: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, Vol. 17, No. 4, 08.2009, p. 199-205.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3d756abca382447e91312894b6c2c467,
title = "The feasibility of providing community pharmacy-based services for alcohol misuse: a literature review",
abstract = "Objectives Excessive consumption of alcohol is a major public health concern. The use of community pharmacies and pharmacists as sources of public health information and services is gaining greater recognition. The objective of this review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the feasibility, effectiveness and acceptability of providing community pharmacy-based services to address the excessive consumption of alcohol.Methods Electronic databases were searched for the period 1996–2007 to identify relevant evidence. Searches were also conducted of relevant pharmacy and addiction journals. Information was sought from key contacts in pharmacy and alcohol research. Studies were included if they were conducted in a community pharmacy setting. Key findings The review comprised three feasibility studies which included 14 pharmacies and 500 customers. Non-significant reductions in alcohol consumption were reported with two studies following brief interventions by pharmacists. Between 30{\%} and 53{\%} of pharmacy customers were identified as having hazardous or harmful drinking behaviour. Customer opinion of the pharmacy-based alcohol services was not reported. Conclusions There has been little empirical evaluation of the effectiveness of community pharmacy-based services for alcohol misuse. The evidence presented in this review suggests that community pharmacy-based screening is feasible. Organisations and individuals involved with tackling excessive alcohol consumption should consider the inclusion of community pharmacies and pharmacists as part of their strategies to address this problem. Large-scale studies are needed to evaluate the short- and long-term effects and cost-effectiveness of community pharmacy-based interventions to reduce excessive alcohol consumption, as well as to explore the acceptability of the service to users.",
keywords = "alcohol, community pharmacy, drinking, literature review, screening",
author = "Watson, {Margaret C} and Alison Blenkinsopp",
year = "2009",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1211/ijpp/17.04.0002",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "199--205",
journal = "International Journal of Pharmacy Practice",
issn = "0961-7671",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (10.1111)",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The feasibility of providing community pharmacy-based services for alcohol misuse

T2 - a literature review

AU - Watson, Margaret C

AU - Blenkinsopp, Alison

PY - 2009/8

Y1 - 2009/8

N2 - Objectives Excessive consumption of alcohol is a major public health concern. The use of community pharmacies and pharmacists as sources of public health information and services is gaining greater recognition. The objective of this review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the feasibility, effectiveness and acceptability of providing community pharmacy-based services to address the excessive consumption of alcohol.Methods Electronic databases were searched for the period 1996–2007 to identify relevant evidence. Searches were also conducted of relevant pharmacy and addiction journals. Information was sought from key contacts in pharmacy and alcohol research. Studies were included if they were conducted in a community pharmacy setting. Key findings The review comprised three feasibility studies which included 14 pharmacies and 500 customers. Non-significant reductions in alcohol consumption were reported with two studies following brief interventions by pharmacists. Between 30% and 53% of pharmacy customers were identified as having hazardous or harmful drinking behaviour. Customer opinion of the pharmacy-based alcohol services was not reported. Conclusions There has been little empirical evaluation of the effectiveness of community pharmacy-based services for alcohol misuse. The evidence presented in this review suggests that community pharmacy-based screening is feasible. Organisations and individuals involved with tackling excessive alcohol consumption should consider the inclusion of community pharmacies and pharmacists as part of their strategies to address this problem. Large-scale studies are needed to evaluate the short- and long-term effects and cost-effectiveness of community pharmacy-based interventions to reduce excessive alcohol consumption, as well as to explore the acceptability of the service to users.

AB - Objectives Excessive consumption of alcohol is a major public health concern. The use of community pharmacies and pharmacists as sources of public health information and services is gaining greater recognition. The objective of this review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the feasibility, effectiveness and acceptability of providing community pharmacy-based services to address the excessive consumption of alcohol.Methods Electronic databases were searched for the period 1996–2007 to identify relevant evidence. Searches were also conducted of relevant pharmacy and addiction journals. Information was sought from key contacts in pharmacy and alcohol research. Studies were included if they were conducted in a community pharmacy setting. Key findings The review comprised three feasibility studies which included 14 pharmacies and 500 customers. Non-significant reductions in alcohol consumption were reported with two studies following brief interventions by pharmacists. Between 30% and 53% of pharmacy customers were identified as having hazardous or harmful drinking behaviour. Customer opinion of the pharmacy-based alcohol services was not reported. Conclusions There has been little empirical evaluation of the effectiveness of community pharmacy-based services for alcohol misuse. The evidence presented in this review suggests that community pharmacy-based screening is feasible. Organisations and individuals involved with tackling excessive alcohol consumption should consider the inclusion of community pharmacies and pharmacists as part of their strategies to address this problem. Large-scale studies are needed to evaluate the short- and long-term effects and cost-effectiveness of community pharmacy-based interventions to reduce excessive alcohol consumption, as well as to explore the acceptability of the service to users.

KW - alcohol

KW - community pharmacy

KW - drinking

KW - literature review

KW - screening

U2 - 10.1211/ijpp/17.04.0002

DO - 10.1211/ijpp/17.04.0002

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 199

EP - 205

JO - International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

JF - International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

SN - 0961-7671

IS - 4

ER -