The feasibility of reintroducing Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) to Scotland

R Leaper, G Massei, M L Gorman, R Aspinall

    Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

    71 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The feasibility of reintroducing Wild Boar Sus scrofa to Scotland was investigated using the predictions of a Geographical information System (GIS) and a Population Viability Analysis (PVA). In the first stage of this study we summarized information from published literature on the biology, habitat requirements, home range use and population densities of Wild Boar, and using a GIS we identified four suitable sites of significant size, all located in Highlands. In the second stage we used a Population Viability Analysis (RAMAS/age), parameterized with published information on survival and fecundity of European Wild Boar populations, to calculate the number of animals required in a 'release population' if it were to survive on average 50 years. At the two largest sites that we considered, a release population of 50 animals would be Likely to produce a viable population. The study concluded that biologically, the reintroduction of the Wild Boar is possible. However, a complementary study examining both the environmental and the potential wider ecological and socio-economic impacts of Wild Boar will be required before reintroduction is seriously considered.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)239-259
    Number of pages21
    JournalMammal Review
    Volume29
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

    Keywords

    • GIS
    • reintroduction
    • Scotland
    • Sus scrofa
    • POPULATION VIABILITY ANALYSIS
    • BIALOWIEZA PRIMEVAL FOREST
    • MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL AREA
    • HOME-RANGE
    • REPRODUCTION
    • MORTALITY
    • MOVEMENTS
    • HABITAT
    • FRAMEWORK
    • PREDATION

    Cite this

    Leaper, R., Massei, G., Gorman, M. L., & Aspinall, R. (1999). The feasibility of reintroducing Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) to Scotland. Mammal Review, 29, 239-259.

    The feasibility of reintroducing Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) to Scotland. / Leaper, R ; Massei, G ; Gorman, M L ; Aspinall, R .

    In: Mammal Review, Vol. 29, 1999, p. 239-259.

    Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

    Leaper, R, Massei, G, Gorman, ML & Aspinall, R 1999, 'The feasibility of reintroducing Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) to Scotland', Mammal Review, vol. 29, pp. 239-259.
    Leaper R, Massei G, Gorman ML, Aspinall R. The feasibility of reintroducing Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) to Scotland. Mammal Review. 1999;29:239-259.
    Leaper, R ; Massei, G ; Gorman, M L ; Aspinall, R . / The feasibility of reintroducing Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) to Scotland. In: Mammal Review. 1999 ; Vol. 29. pp. 239-259.
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    abstract = "The feasibility of reintroducing Wild Boar Sus scrofa to Scotland was investigated using the predictions of a Geographical information System (GIS) and a Population Viability Analysis (PVA). In the first stage of this study we summarized information from published literature on the biology, habitat requirements, home range use and population densities of Wild Boar, and using a GIS we identified four suitable sites of significant size, all located in Highlands. In the second stage we used a Population Viability Analysis (RAMAS/age), parameterized with published information on survival and fecundity of European Wild Boar populations, to calculate the number of animals required in a 'release population' if it were to survive on average 50 years. At the two largest sites that we considered, a release population of 50 animals would be Likely to produce a viable population. The study concluded that biologically, the reintroduction of the Wild Boar is possible. However, a complementary study examining both the environmental and the potential wider ecological and socio-economic impacts of Wild Boar will be required before reintroduction is seriously considered.",
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