The Glasgow Face Matching Test

A. Mike Burton, David White, Allan McNeill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

302 Citations (Scopus)


We describe a new test for unfamiliar face matching, the Glasgow Face Matching Test (GFMT). Viewers are shown pairs of faces, photographed in full-face view but with different cameras, and are asked to make same/different judgments. The full version of the test comprises 168 face pairs, and we also describe a shortened version with 40 pairs. We provide normative data for these tests derived from large subject samples. We also describe associations between the GFMT and other tests of matching and memory. The new test correlates moderately with face memory but more strongly with object matching, a result that is consistent with previous research highlighting a link between object and face matching, specific to unfamiliar faces. The test is available free for scientific use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-291
Number of pages6
JournalBehavior Research Methods
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


  • unfamiliar faces
  • eyewitness identification
  • recognition
  • familiarity
  • images
  • identities
  • accuracy
  • memory
  • video
  • CCTV

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