The Imandra/Varzuga Greenstone Belt

Victor A. Melezhik, Anthony R. Prave, Aivo Lepland, Eero J. Hanski, Alexander E. Romashkin, Dmitry V. Rychanchik, Zhen-Yu Luo, Evgenii V. Sharkov, Maria M. Bogina, Alexander T. Brasier, Anthony E. Fallick

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Late Archaean-Early Palaeoproterozoic transition (2500–2000 Ma) represents a hallmark period when the Earth System experienced a series of fundamental upheavals. Among them, the most important was the establishment of an oxygen-rich atmosphere (sometimes referred to as the Great Oxidation Event) and the emergence of an aerobic biosphere. Associated with this, either incidentally or causally, was a cascade of other prominent, global-scale events that considerably modified Earth’s surface environments, either temporarily or permanently; these are reviewed in Parts 1 and 8 in full, and detailed in Part 7. Briefly mentioned here, these include: the severe and global climatic event known as the Huronian glaciation; an unprecedented perturbation of the global carbon cycle, the large-magnitude Lomagundi-Jatuli positive excursion of δ13Ccarb, lasted over 160 Ma; radical changes in the phosphorus and sulphur cycles resulting in accumulation of the first-known massive sulphates and sedimentary phosphates; a radical modification in recycling of organic matter leading to the emergence of a new 13C-depleted carbon reservoir in the form of carbonate concretions; and an unprecedented accumulation of organic-rich sediments and formation of the earliest supergiant petroleum deposits.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReading the Archive of Earth’s Oxygenation
Subtitle of host publicationThe Core Archive of the Fennoscandian Arctic Russia - Drilling Early Earth Project
EditorsV. Melezhik, A. R. Prave, E. J. Hanski, A. E. Fallick, A. Lepland, L. R. Kump, H. Strauss
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Pages505-590
Number of pages86
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9783642296598
ISBN (Print)9783642296581, 9783662522028
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Publication series

NameFrontiers in Earth Sciences
Volume7
ISSN (Print)1863-4621
ISSN (Electronic)1863-463X

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Melezhik, V. A., Prave, A. R., Lepland, A., Hanski, E. J., Romashkin, A. E., Rychanchik, D. V., Luo, Z-Y., Sharkov, E. V., Bogina, M. M., Brasier, A. T., & Fallick, A. E. (2013). The Imandra/Varzuga Greenstone Belt. In V. Melezhik, A. R. Prave, E. J. Hanski, A. E. Fallick, A. Lepland, L. R. Kump, & H. Strauss (Eds.), Reading the Archive of Earth’s Oxygenation: The Core Archive of the Fennoscandian Arctic Russia - Drilling Early Earth Project (Vol. 2, pp. 505-590). [6.1] (Frontiers in Earth Sciences; Vol. 7). Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-29659-8_2