The implications of aquaculture policy and regulation for the development of integrated multi-trophic aquaculture in Europe

K. A. Alexander (Corresponding Author), T. P. Potts, S. Freeman, D Israel, J Johansen, D Kletou, M Meland, D Pecorino, C Rebours, M Shorten, D. L. Angel

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Demands for fish and shellfish as food products are increasing; however, the potential for large scale production faces numerous challenges. Policy and legislation are likely to have an impact on the development of more sustainable aquaculture practices such as integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA). This study investigated the flexibility within the current governance frameworks across six European countries to allow for the adoption and management of IMTA. A snowball approach was used to identify relevant EU legislation, which was used as the basis by which to identify national/regional legislation which implemented EU requirements. This data was combined with a desk study to create a legislation overview for each of six countries, which was then subject to a Comparative Legal Analysis of the regulatory frameworks. Key findings were that inter alia: an existing policy focus on environmental sustainability and technological innovation may be an incentive for IMTA; and that the regulatory framework is complex and extensive and this may be a barrier to IMTA. Overall, this study found that national frameworks were generally amenable to experimental IMTA pilot schemes, but that for commercial expansion substantial regulatory reform would be required. Particularly, there may be a need for change to some aspects of legal regimes relating to the transfer of disease, fish health and food safety.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-23
Number of pages8
JournalAquaculture
Volume443
Early online date13 Mar 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • aquaculture
  • multi-trophic aquaculutre
  • integrated aquaculture
  • comparative law
  • sustainable aquaculture
  • aquaculture governance

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    Alexander, K. A., Potts, T. P., Freeman, S., Israel, D., Johansen, J., Kletou, D., Meland, M., Pecorino, D., Rebours, C., Shorten, M., & Angel, D. L. (2015). The implications of aquaculture policy and regulation for the development of integrated multi-trophic aquaculture in Europe. Aquaculture, 443, 16-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.03.005