Inhalation anesthetics activate and cannabinoid agonists inhibit TWIK-related acid-sensitive K+ channels (TASK)-1 two-pore domain leak K+ channels in vitro. Many neuromodulators, such as noradrenaline, might also manifest some of their actions by modifying TASK channel activity. Here, we have characterized the basal behavioral phenotype of TASK-1 knockout mice and tested their sensitivity to the inhalation anesthetics halothane and isoflurane, the alpha(2) adrenoreceptor agonist dexmedetomidine, and the cannabinoid agonist WIN55212-2 mesylate [R-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholinyl)methyl]pyrrolo[1,2,3,-de]-1,4-benzoxazinyl](1-naphtalenyl)methanone mesylate)]. TASK-1 knockout mice had a largely normal behavioral phenotype. Male, but not female, knockout mice displayed an enhanced acoustic startle response. The knockout mice showed increased sensitivity to thermal nociception in a hot-plate test but not in a tail-flick test. The analgesic, sedative, and hypothermic effects of WIN55212-2 (2-6 mg/kg s.c.) were reduced in TASK-1 knockout mice. These results implicate TASK-1-containing channels in supraspinal pain pathways, in particular those modulated by endogenous cannabinoids. TASK-1 knockout mice were less sensitive to the anesthetic effects of halothane and isoflurane than wild-type littermates, requiring higher anesthetic concentrations to induce immobility as reflected by loss of the tail-withdrawal reflex. Our results support the idea that the activation of multiple background K+ channels is crucial for the high potency of inhalation anesthetics. Furthermore, TASK-1 knockout mice were less sensitive to the sedative effects of dexmedetomidine (0.03 mg/kg s.c.), suggesting a role for the TASK-1 channels in the modulation of function of the adrenergic locus coeruleus nuclei and/or other neuronal systems.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
- DOMAIN K+ CHANNEL
- POTASSIUM CHANNEL
- KNOCKOUT MICE
- TASK CHANNELS