The influence of institutional care and physical dependency on daily water turnover rates in the elderly

John Beattie Leiper, C. S. Primrose, W. R. Primrose, J. Phillimore, Ronald John Maughan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Maintaining water balance is essential for health, but environmental factors, pathology and the ageing process can adversely affect water homeostasis. Objective: This study examined the relationship between physical dependency and daily water turnover rate in an older population. Design: Daily water turnover (DWT) was estimated, using deuterium oxide ((H2O)-H-2) as a tracer for water, over two separate 7-day periods in summer and winter in two older populations. The independent group (N=22) lived in their own homes and were self-caring. The dependent group (N=15) lived in institutional care, and were more physically dependent. None of the subjects had significant mental impairment. Total body water (TBW) and DWT were estimated from the equilibration concentration of ingested 21-120 and its subsequent elimination rate. Results: The independent group had a median (range) age of 75(69-88) y, a mean Barthel Index (BI) of 19.8, and a mean Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT) score of 9.8. The dependent group were older (83(72-93) y), with a mean BI of 13 and a mean AMT of 9.3. Average median (range) DWT in the independent group was similar in summer (2.2(1.3-3.6) I.d(-1)) and winter (2.1(1.4-3.6) I.d(-1)), but faster than in the dependent group (1.5(0.9-2.9) and 1.6(1.0-2.8) I.d(-1), respectively) during the same two periods. Median urine output in the independent group was similar in summer (1.7(0.8-3.3) I.d(-1)) and winter (1.7(0.9-3.2) I.d(-1)), but greater than in the dependent group (1.1(0.6-2.7) and 0.9(0.5-1.6) I.d(-1), respectively). Conclusion: These results show that the water turnover rate of many older people is low, and that intake may be affected especially in those with physical disability.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)189-193
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
    Volume9
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • aged
    • barthel index
    • fluid balance
    • total body water
    • water
    • TOTAL-BODY WATER
    • DOUBLY-LABELED WATER
    • ENERGY-EXPENDITURE
    • AGE
    • DEHYDRATION
    • MEN
    • THIRST
    • RATES
    • WOMEN

    Cite this

    Leiper, J. B., Primrose, C. S., Primrose, W. R., Phillimore, J., & Maughan, R. J. (2005). The influence of institutional care and physical dependency on daily water turnover rates in the elderly. Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 9(3), 189-193.

    The influence of institutional care and physical dependency on daily water turnover rates in the elderly. / Leiper, John Beattie; Primrose, C. S.; Primrose, W. R.; Phillimore, J.; Maughan, Ronald John.

    In: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2005, p. 189-193.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Leiper, JB, Primrose, CS, Primrose, WR, Phillimore, J & Maughan, RJ 2005, 'The influence of institutional care and physical dependency on daily water turnover rates in the elderly', Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 189-193.
    Leiper, John Beattie ; Primrose, C. S. ; Primrose, W. R. ; Phillimore, J. ; Maughan, Ronald John. / The influence of institutional care and physical dependency on daily water turnover rates in the elderly. In: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging. 2005 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 189-193.
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    abstract = "Background: Maintaining water balance is essential for health, but environmental factors, pathology and the ageing process can adversely affect water homeostasis. Objective: This study examined the relationship between physical dependency and daily water turnover rate in an older population. Design: Daily water turnover (DWT) was estimated, using deuterium oxide ((H2O)-H-2) as a tracer for water, over two separate 7-day periods in summer and winter in two older populations. The independent group (N=22) lived in their own homes and were self-caring. The dependent group (N=15) lived in institutional care, and were more physically dependent. None of the subjects had significant mental impairment. Total body water (TBW) and DWT were estimated from the equilibration concentration of ingested 21-120 and its subsequent elimination rate. Results: The independent group had a median (range) age of 75(69-88) y, a mean Barthel Index (BI) of 19.8, and a mean Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT) score of 9.8. The dependent group were older (83(72-93) y), with a mean BI of 13 and a mean AMT of 9.3. Average median (range) DWT in the independent group was similar in summer (2.2(1.3-3.6) I.d(-1)) and winter (2.1(1.4-3.6) I.d(-1)), but faster than in the dependent group (1.5(0.9-2.9) and 1.6(1.0-2.8) I.d(-1), respectively) during the same two periods. Median urine output in the independent group was similar in summer (1.7(0.8-3.3) I.d(-1)) and winter (1.7(0.9-3.2) I.d(-1)), but greater than in the dependent group (1.1(0.6-2.7) and 0.9(0.5-1.6) I.d(-1), respectively). Conclusion: These results show that the water turnover rate of many older people is low, and that intake may be affected especially in those with physical disability.",
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    AU - Leiper, John Beattie

    AU - Primrose, C. S.

    AU - Primrose, W. R.

    AU - Phillimore, J.

    AU - Maughan, Ronald John

    PY - 2005

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    N2 - Background: Maintaining water balance is essential for health, but environmental factors, pathology and the ageing process can adversely affect water homeostasis. Objective: This study examined the relationship between physical dependency and daily water turnover rate in an older population. Design: Daily water turnover (DWT) was estimated, using deuterium oxide ((H2O)-H-2) as a tracer for water, over two separate 7-day periods in summer and winter in two older populations. The independent group (N=22) lived in their own homes and were self-caring. The dependent group (N=15) lived in institutional care, and were more physically dependent. None of the subjects had significant mental impairment. Total body water (TBW) and DWT were estimated from the equilibration concentration of ingested 21-120 and its subsequent elimination rate. Results: The independent group had a median (range) age of 75(69-88) y, a mean Barthel Index (BI) of 19.8, and a mean Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT) score of 9.8. The dependent group were older (83(72-93) y), with a mean BI of 13 and a mean AMT of 9.3. Average median (range) DWT in the independent group was similar in summer (2.2(1.3-3.6) I.d(-1)) and winter (2.1(1.4-3.6) I.d(-1)), but faster than in the dependent group (1.5(0.9-2.9) and 1.6(1.0-2.8) I.d(-1), respectively) during the same two periods. Median urine output in the independent group was similar in summer (1.7(0.8-3.3) I.d(-1)) and winter (1.7(0.9-3.2) I.d(-1)), but greater than in the dependent group (1.1(0.6-2.7) and 0.9(0.5-1.6) I.d(-1), respectively). Conclusion: These results show that the water turnover rate of many older people is low, and that intake may be affected especially in those with physical disability.

    AB - Background: Maintaining water balance is essential for health, but environmental factors, pathology and the ageing process can adversely affect water homeostasis. Objective: This study examined the relationship between physical dependency and daily water turnover rate in an older population. Design: Daily water turnover (DWT) was estimated, using deuterium oxide ((H2O)-H-2) as a tracer for water, over two separate 7-day periods in summer and winter in two older populations. The independent group (N=22) lived in their own homes and were self-caring. The dependent group (N=15) lived in institutional care, and were more physically dependent. None of the subjects had significant mental impairment. Total body water (TBW) and DWT were estimated from the equilibration concentration of ingested 21-120 and its subsequent elimination rate. Results: The independent group had a median (range) age of 75(69-88) y, a mean Barthel Index (BI) of 19.8, and a mean Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT) score of 9.8. The dependent group were older (83(72-93) y), with a mean BI of 13 and a mean AMT of 9.3. Average median (range) DWT in the independent group was similar in summer (2.2(1.3-3.6) I.d(-1)) and winter (2.1(1.4-3.6) I.d(-1)), but faster than in the dependent group (1.5(0.9-2.9) and 1.6(1.0-2.8) I.d(-1), respectively) during the same two periods. Median urine output in the independent group was similar in summer (1.7(0.8-3.3) I.d(-1)) and winter (1.7(0.9-3.2) I.d(-1)), but greater than in the dependent group (1.1(0.6-2.7) and 0.9(0.5-1.6) I.d(-1), respectively). Conclusion: These results show that the water turnover rate of many older people is low, and that intake may be affected especially in those with physical disability.

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    KW - barthel index

    KW - fluid balance

    KW - total body water

    KW - water

    KW - TOTAL-BODY WATER

    KW - DOUBLY-LABELED WATER

    KW - ENERGY-EXPENDITURE

    KW - AGE

    KW - DEHYDRATION

    KW - MEN

    KW - THIRST

    KW - RATES

    KW - WOMEN

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    JO - Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

    JF - Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

    SN - 1279-7707

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    ER -