The influence of the strength of bone on the deformation of acetabular shells: a laboratory experiment in cadavers

M C Bone, P Dold, M Flohr, R Preuss, T J Joyce, R M Aspden, J Holland, D Deehan

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Abstract

Concerns have been raised that deformation of acetabular shells may disrupt the assembly process of modular prostheses. In this study we aimed to examine the effect that the strength of bone has on the amount of deformation of the acetabular shell. The hypothesis was that stronger bone would result in greater deformation. A total of 17 acetabular shells were inserted into the acetabula of eight cadavers, and deformation was measured using an optical measuring system. Cores of bone from the femoral head were taken from each cadaver and compressed using a materials testing machine. The highest peak modulus and yield stress for each cadaver were used to represent the strength of the bone and compared with the values for the deformation and the surgeon's subjective assessment of the hardness of the bone. The mean deformation of the shell was 129 µm (3 to 340). No correlation was found between deformation and either the maximum peak modulus (r² = 0.011, t = 0.426, p = 0.676) or the yield stress (r² = 0.024, t = 0.614, p = 0.549) of the bone. Although no correlation was found between the strength of the bone and deformation, the values for the deformation observed could be sufficient to disrupt the assembly process of modular acetabular components. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015; 97-B:473-7.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-477
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British volume
Volume97-B
Issue number4
Early online date1 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

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