This chapter describes what is known about the main components and responses of the innate and adaptive immune system of fish. The chapter first reviews the organs, cells and molecules of the immune system known in a few economically important or model fish species. Molecular evidence suggests a similar immune system exists throughout the jawed vertebrates yet marked differences are also apparent. The innate parameters are at the forefront of fish immune defence and are a crucial factor in disease resistance. The adaptive response of fish is commonly delayed but is essential for long lasting immunity and a key factor in successful vaccination.
- Adaptive immune responses
- Fish immune organs
- Immune regulation
- Innate immune responses
- Pattern recognition receptors (PRR)