The lack of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor desensitisation in alphaT3-1 cells is not due to GnRH receptor reserve or phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bis-phosphate pool size

W Forrest-Owen, G B Willars, S R Nahorski, D Assefa, J S Davidson, J Hislop, C A McArdle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The phospholipase C (PLC)-activating gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor is thought not to rapidly desensitise in alphaT3-1 cells. This extremely unusual characteristic raises the concern that it might be a feature of the cell type, rather than the receptor per se. Here we have used video imaging to establish whether the effects of endogenous PLC-activating G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) on Ca2+ ion concentration [Ca2+]i desensitise in these cells. Oxytocin, endothelin-1, methacholine, and UTP all caused [Ca2+]i increases which underwent rapid homologous desensitisation in that they were transient and responses to repeat stimuli were attenuated whereas subsequent responses to GnRH were not. To test whether receptor reserve obscures functional desensitisation of GnRH receptors, a photoaffinity antagonist (Pant-1), was used to effect a partial and irreversible receptor blockade. UV crosslinking in medium with 1000 nM Pant-1 reduced GnRH receptor number to 20 +/- 5% and reduced maximal buserelin-stimulated [3H]IP(X) accumulation to 57 +/- 5%, demonstrating removal of receptor reserve. In control alphaT3-1 cells the initial rate of GnRH-stimulated [3H]IP(X) accumulation was maintained for at least 5 min and GnRH caused a sustained increase in Ins(1,4,5)P3 mass (confirming the resistance of GnRH receptors to desensitisation) and Pant-1 pre-treatment reduced the magnitude of these responses without altering their temporal profiles. In alphaT3-1 cells stably transfected with recombinant human muscarinic receptors (alphaT3-1/M3), responses to methacholine were characteristic of desensitising GPCRs (transient Ins(1,4,5)P3 and curvilinear [3H]IP(X) responses) and were unaltered by Pant-1. To test the relevance of phospholipid pool size, alphaT3-1/M3 cells were pre-treated with GnRH or methacholine in medium with LiCl (to deplete PtdIns(4,5)P2 pools). These pre-treatments reduced subsequent responses to methacholine and GnRH comparably, indicating access to a shared PtdIns(4,5)P2 pool. Partial depletion of this pool (GnRH pre-treatment in medium with LiCl) reduced the magnitude of the [3H]IP(X) and Ins(1,4,5)P3 responses to methacholine and GnRH, without altering their temporal profiles. Thus the GnRH receptor does not undergo rapid homologous desensitisation in alphaT3-1 cells in spite of the fact that they can desensitise other endogenous (and recombinant) PLC-activating GPCRs, and the lack of desensitisation cannot be attributed to the existence of GnRH receptor reserve or access to an atypically large or rapidly re-cycled PtdIns(4,5)P2 pool. This unique functional characteristic (mammalian GnRH receptors are the only PLC-activating GPCRs known not to rapidly desensitise) almost certainly therefore reflects the atypical structure of these receptors (mammalian GnRH receptors are the only PLC-activating GPCRs known to lack C-terminal tails).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-173
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume147
Issue number1-2
Early online date20 Jan 1999
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 1999

Fingerprint

LHRH Receptors
Phosphatidylinositols
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
Phosphates
Methacholine Chloride
Type C Phospholipases
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Diphosphate
Buserelin
Uridine Triphosphate
Endothelin-1
Muscarinic Receptors
Oxytocin
Crosslinking
Tail
Phospholipids
Ions
Imaging techniques
acetyl(4-azidobenzoyl)-Lys(1)-4-chloro-Phe(2),Trp(3),Arg(6),Ala(10)-gnRH

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Buserelin
  • Calcium
  • Cell Line
  • Down-Regulation
  • Endothelin-1
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
  • Humans
  • Inositol Phosphates
  • Kinetics
  • Lithium Chloride
  • Methacholine Chloride
  • Mice
  • Oxytocin
  • Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Diphosphate
  • Photoaffinity Labels
  • Receptor, Muscarinic M3
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, LHRH
  • Receptors, Muscarinic
  • Type C Phospholipases
  • Uridine Triphosphate

Cite this

The lack of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor desensitisation in alphaT3-1 cells is not due to GnRH receptor reserve or phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bis-phosphate pool size. / Forrest-Owen, W; Willars, G B; Nahorski, S R; Assefa, D; Davidson, J S; Hislop, J; McArdle, C A.

In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Vol. 147, No. 1-2, 25.01.1999, p. 161-173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The phospholipase C (PLC)-activating gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor is thought not to rapidly desensitise in alphaT3-1 cells. This extremely unusual characteristic raises the concern that it might be a feature of the cell type, rather than the receptor per se. Here we have used video imaging to establish whether the effects of endogenous PLC-activating G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) on Ca2+ ion concentration [Ca2+]i desensitise in these cells. Oxytocin, endothelin-1, methacholine, and UTP all caused [Ca2+]i increases which underwent rapid homologous desensitisation in that they were transient and responses to repeat stimuli were attenuated whereas subsequent responses to GnRH were not. To test whether receptor reserve obscures functional desensitisation of GnRH receptors, a photoaffinity antagonist (Pant-1), was used to effect a partial and irreversible receptor blockade. UV crosslinking in medium with 1000 nM Pant-1 reduced GnRH receptor number to 20 +/- 5{\%} and reduced maximal buserelin-stimulated [3H]IP(X) accumulation to 57 +/- 5{\%}, demonstrating removal of receptor reserve. In control alphaT3-1 cells the initial rate of GnRH-stimulated [3H]IP(X) accumulation was maintained for at least 5 min and GnRH caused a sustained increase in Ins(1,4,5)P3 mass (confirming the resistance of GnRH receptors to desensitisation) and Pant-1 pre-treatment reduced the magnitude of these responses without altering their temporal profiles. In alphaT3-1 cells stably transfected with recombinant human muscarinic receptors (alphaT3-1/M3), responses to methacholine were characteristic of desensitising GPCRs (transient Ins(1,4,5)P3 and curvilinear [3H]IP(X) responses) and were unaltered by Pant-1. To test the relevance of phospholipid pool size, alphaT3-1/M3 cells were pre-treated with GnRH or methacholine in medium with LiCl (to deplete PtdIns(4,5)P2 pools). These pre-treatments reduced subsequent responses to methacholine and GnRH comparably, indicating access to a shared PtdIns(4,5)P2 pool. Partial depletion of this pool (GnRH pre-treatment in medium with LiCl) reduced the magnitude of the [3H]IP(X) and Ins(1,4,5)P3 responses to methacholine and GnRH, without altering their temporal profiles. Thus the GnRH receptor does not undergo rapid homologous desensitisation in alphaT3-1 cells in spite of the fact that they can desensitise other endogenous (and recombinant) PLC-activating GPCRs, and the lack of desensitisation cannot be attributed to the existence of GnRH receptor reserve or access to an atypically large or rapidly re-cycled PtdIns(4,5)P2 pool. This unique functional characteristic (mammalian GnRH receptors are the only PLC-activating GPCRs known not to rapidly desensitise) almost certainly therefore reflects the atypical structure of these receptors (mammalian GnRH receptors are the only PLC-activating GPCRs known to lack C-terminal tails).",
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T1 - The lack of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor desensitisation in alphaT3-1 cells is not due to GnRH receptor reserve or phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bis-phosphate pool size

AU - Forrest-Owen, W

AU - Willars, G B

AU - Nahorski, S R

AU - Assefa, D

AU - Davidson, J S

AU - Hislop, J

AU - McArdle, C A

PY - 1999/1/25

Y1 - 1999/1/25

N2 - The phospholipase C (PLC)-activating gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor is thought not to rapidly desensitise in alphaT3-1 cells. This extremely unusual characteristic raises the concern that it might be a feature of the cell type, rather than the receptor per se. Here we have used video imaging to establish whether the effects of endogenous PLC-activating G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) on Ca2+ ion concentration [Ca2+]i desensitise in these cells. Oxytocin, endothelin-1, methacholine, and UTP all caused [Ca2+]i increases which underwent rapid homologous desensitisation in that they were transient and responses to repeat stimuli were attenuated whereas subsequent responses to GnRH were not. To test whether receptor reserve obscures functional desensitisation of GnRH receptors, a photoaffinity antagonist (Pant-1), was used to effect a partial and irreversible receptor blockade. UV crosslinking in medium with 1000 nM Pant-1 reduced GnRH receptor number to 20 +/- 5% and reduced maximal buserelin-stimulated [3H]IP(X) accumulation to 57 +/- 5%, demonstrating removal of receptor reserve. In control alphaT3-1 cells the initial rate of GnRH-stimulated [3H]IP(X) accumulation was maintained for at least 5 min and GnRH caused a sustained increase in Ins(1,4,5)P3 mass (confirming the resistance of GnRH receptors to desensitisation) and Pant-1 pre-treatment reduced the magnitude of these responses without altering their temporal profiles. In alphaT3-1 cells stably transfected with recombinant human muscarinic receptors (alphaT3-1/M3), responses to methacholine were characteristic of desensitising GPCRs (transient Ins(1,4,5)P3 and curvilinear [3H]IP(X) responses) and were unaltered by Pant-1. To test the relevance of phospholipid pool size, alphaT3-1/M3 cells were pre-treated with GnRH or methacholine in medium with LiCl (to deplete PtdIns(4,5)P2 pools). These pre-treatments reduced subsequent responses to methacholine and GnRH comparably, indicating access to a shared PtdIns(4,5)P2 pool. Partial depletion of this pool (GnRH pre-treatment in medium with LiCl) reduced the magnitude of the [3H]IP(X) and Ins(1,4,5)P3 responses to methacholine and GnRH, without altering their temporal profiles. Thus the GnRH receptor does not undergo rapid homologous desensitisation in alphaT3-1 cells in spite of the fact that they can desensitise other endogenous (and recombinant) PLC-activating GPCRs, and the lack of desensitisation cannot be attributed to the existence of GnRH receptor reserve or access to an atypically large or rapidly re-cycled PtdIns(4,5)P2 pool. This unique functional characteristic (mammalian GnRH receptors are the only PLC-activating GPCRs known not to rapidly desensitise) almost certainly therefore reflects the atypical structure of these receptors (mammalian GnRH receptors are the only PLC-activating GPCRs known to lack C-terminal tails).

AB - The phospholipase C (PLC)-activating gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor is thought not to rapidly desensitise in alphaT3-1 cells. This extremely unusual characteristic raises the concern that it might be a feature of the cell type, rather than the receptor per se. Here we have used video imaging to establish whether the effects of endogenous PLC-activating G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) on Ca2+ ion concentration [Ca2+]i desensitise in these cells. Oxytocin, endothelin-1, methacholine, and UTP all caused [Ca2+]i increases which underwent rapid homologous desensitisation in that they were transient and responses to repeat stimuli were attenuated whereas subsequent responses to GnRH were not. To test whether receptor reserve obscures functional desensitisation of GnRH receptors, a photoaffinity antagonist (Pant-1), was used to effect a partial and irreversible receptor blockade. UV crosslinking in medium with 1000 nM Pant-1 reduced GnRH receptor number to 20 +/- 5% and reduced maximal buserelin-stimulated [3H]IP(X) accumulation to 57 +/- 5%, demonstrating removal of receptor reserve. In control alphaT3-1 cells the initial rate of GnRH-stimulated [3H]IP(X) accumulation was maintained for at least 5 min and GnRH caused a sustained increase in Ins(1,4,5)P3 mass (confirming the resistance of GnRH receptors to desensitisation) and Pant-1 pre-treatment reduced the magnitude of these responses without altering their temporal profiles. In alphaT3-1 cells stably transfected with recombinant human muscarinic receptors (alphaT3-1/M3), responses to methacholine were characteristic of desensitising GPCRs (transient Ins(1,4,5)P3 and curvilinear [3H]IP(X) responses) and were unaltered by Pant-1. To test the relevance of phospholipid pool size, alphaT3-1/M3 cells were pre-treated with GnRH or methacholine in medium with LiCl (to deplete PtdIns(4,5)P2 pools). These pre-treatments reduced subsequent responses to methacholine and GnRH comparably, indicating access to a shared PtdIns(4,5)P2 pool. Partial depletion of this pool (GnRH pre-treatment in medium with LiCl) reduced the magnitude of the [3H]IP(X) and Ins(1,4,5)P3 responses to methacholine and GnRH, without altering their temporal profiles. Thus the GnRH receptor does not undergo rapid homologous desensitisation in alphaT3-1 cells in spite of the fact that they can desensitise other endogenous (and recombinant) PLC-activating GPCRs, and the lack of desensitisation cannot be attributed to the existence of GnRH receptor reserve or access to an atypically large or rapidly re-cycled PtdIns(4,5)P2 pool. This unique functional characteristic (mammalian GnRH receptors are the only PLC-activating GPCRs known not to rapidly desensitise) almost certainly therefore reflects the atypical structure of these receptors (mammalian GnRH receptors are the only PLC-activating GPCRs known to lack C-terminal tails).

KW - Animals

KW - Buserelin

KW - Calcium

KW - Cell Line

KW - Down-Regulation

KW - Endothelin-1

KW - GTP-Binding Proteins

KW - Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone

KW - Humans

KW - Inositol Phosphates

KW - Kinetics

KW - Lithium Chloride

KW - Methacholine Chloride

KW - Mice

KW - Oxytocin

KW - Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Diphosphate

KW - Photoaffinity Labels

KW - Receptor, Muscarinic M3

KW - Receptors, Cell Surface

KW - Receptors, LHRH

KW - Receptors, Muscarinic

KW - Type C Phospholipases

KW - Uridine Triphosphate

U2 - 10.1016/S0303-7207(98)00201-9

DO - 10.1016/S0303-7207(98)00201-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 10195703

VL - 147

SP - 161

EP - 173

JO - Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

JF - Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

SN - 0303-7207

IS - 1-2

ER -