The links between ethnicity, cultural identity, and alcohol use, abuse and dependence in a New Zealand birth cohort

Dannette Marie, David Fergusson, Joseph Boden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To examine the role of ethnicity and cultural identity in alcohol use and misuse in a birth cohort of over 1000 young people. Methods: Data on ethnicity, cultural identification, alcohol use, alcohol abuse/dependence (AAD), socio-economic factors and childhood adversity were gathered as part of a longitudinal study of a New Zealand birth cohort (the Christchurch Health and Development Study). Results: Those reporting Maori ethnicity had rates of alcohol use and AAD that were 1.47–1.63 times higher than the rates found in the non-Maori people. However, there was little evidence to suggest that rates of alcohol use and AAD differed according to Maori cultural identity. Generalized estimating equation regression analyses adjusting for socio-economic disadvantage and childhood adversity slightly reduced the magnitude of these associations, but they remained statistically significant [AAD: odds ratio = 1.52; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11–2.10; consumption: incidence rate ratio = 1.31; 95% CI: 1.13–1.52]. Conclusion: (a) Maori ethnicity was found to be associated with modestly increased risks of alcohol use and AAD (b) the higher rates of alcohol use and AAD among the Maori members of the cohort could not be explained by a combination of socio-economic factors and greater exposure to environmental factors known to influence the risk of alcohol use and misuse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-596
Number of pages6
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume47
Issue number5
Early online date12 Jun 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

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New Zealand
Alcoholism
Alcohols
Parturition
Economics
Confidence Intervals
Environmental Exposure
Longitudinal Studies
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Health

Cite this

The links between ethnicity, cultural identity, and alcohol use, abuse and dependence in a New Zealand birth cohort. / Marie, Dannette; Fergusson, David; Boden, Joseph.

In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol. 47, No. 5, 09.2012, p. 591-596.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marie, Dannette ; Fergusson, David ; Boden, Joseph. / The links between ethnicity, cultural identity, and alcohol use, abuse and dependence in a New Zealand birth cohort. In: Alcohol and Alcoholism. 2012 ; Vol. 47, No. 5. pp. 591-596.
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