The major histocompatibility class I locus in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.): polymorphism, linkage analysis and protein modelling.

U. Grimholt, F. Drablos, S. M. Jorgensen, B. Hoyheim, Rene Josephus Maria Stet

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    Abstract

    A cDNA library screening using the conserved exon 4 of Atlantic salmon Mhc class I as probe provided the basis for a study on Mhc class I polymorphism in a breeding population. Twelve different alleles were identified in the 82 dams and sires studied. No individual expressed more than two alleles, which corresponded to the diploid segregation patterns of the polymorphic marker residing within the 3'-untransiated tail. Close linkage between the Sasa-UBA and Sasa-TAP2B loci strengthens the claim that Sasa-UBA is the major Mhc class I locus in Atlantic salmon. We found no evidence for a second expressed classical or non-classical Mhc class I locus in Atlantic salmon. A phylogenetic analysis of salmonid Mhc class I sequences showed domains conserved between rainbow trout, brown trout and Atlantic salmon. Evidence for shuffling of the alpha(1) domain was identified and lineages of the remaining alpha(2) through the cytoplasmic tail gene segment can be defined. The coding sequence of one allele was found associated with two different markers, suggesting recombination within the 3'-tail dinucleotide repeat itself. Protein modelling of several Sasa-UBA alleles shows distinct differences in their peptide binding domains and enables a further understanding of the functionality of the high polymorphism.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)570-581
    Number of pages11
    JournalImmunogenetics
    Volume54
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002

    Keywords

    • Atlantic salmon
    • major histocompatibility complex
    • class I
    • cDNA
    • alternative polyadenylation signals
    • MHC CLASS-I
    • CONNECTING PEPTIDE SEGMENT
    • RAINBOW-TROUT
    • CALNEXIN ASSOCIATION
    • ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS
    • SEQUENCE ALIGNMENT
    • PACIFIC SALMON
    • SWISS-MODEL
    • MOLECULES
    • COMPLEX

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