The measurement of fetal liver T(*)(2) in utero before and after maternal oxygen breathing: progress towards a non-invasive measurement of fetal oxygenation and placental function

S I Semple, F Wallis, P Haggarty, D Abramovich, J A Ross, T W Redpath, F J Gilbert

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Abstract

Utero-placental insufficiency is thought to be a major cause of growth retardation in utero and an important risk factor in the perinatal period. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether MRI could detect changes of fetal oxygenation, based on the blood oxygenation level dependence (BOLD) of the MRI tissue signal. Nine third trimester women (34-38 weeks) with normal pregnancies underwent abdominal MRI examinations. Following localization of the fetal liver using T(2)-weighted single-shot HASTE scans, up to 7 breath-held transaxial single-slice gradient-echo image sets were obtained through the fetal liver. The mother then commenced oxygen breathing with the imaging procedure repeated after 20 minutes of O(2) breathing. For each image set, T(*)(2) values are calculated using linear regression of log (signal) versus TE for a region of interest within the fetal liver selected by the attending radiologist. Fetal liver T(*)(2) values were calculated before and after O(2) breathing for each multi-echo image acquisition set. A signed rank test was used to test for a significant change in fetal liver T(*)(2) between the pre-O(2) and post-O(2) image sets. A significant increase in T*(2) (alpha <0.05) was seen in 5 of the 9 fetal livers, a smaller increase (of borderline statistical significance, alpha = 0.057) in 2 livers, and no significant change (alpha > 0.05) in 2 livers. Our study indicates that T(*)(2) measurement of the fetal liver may detect alteration in fetal oxygen level following maternal oxygenation using the BOLD effect. This technique may potentially be applied to the identification and understanding of placental dysfunction in intra-uterine growth retardation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-8
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume19
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Oxygenation
Liver
Respiration
Mothers
Oxygen
Magnetic resonance imaging
Blood
Abdominal Pregnancy
Placental Insufficiency
Image acquisition
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Growth
Linear regression
Linear Models
Tissue
Imaging techniques

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Fetal Growth Retardation
  • Fetus
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Linear Models
  • Liver
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Oxygen
  • Pilot Projects
  • Placenta
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Third
  • Respiration

Cite this

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title = "The measurement of fetal liver T(*)(2) in utero before and after maternal oxygen breathing: progress towards a non-invasive measurement of fetal oxygenation and placental function",
abstract = "Utero-placental insufficiency is thought to be a major cause of growth retardation in utero and an important risk factor in the perinatal period. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether MRI could detect changes of fetal oxygenation, based on the blood oxygenation level dependence (BOLD) of the MRI tissue signal. Nine third trimester women (34-38 weeks) with normal pregnancies underwent abdominal MRI examinations. Following localization of the fetal liver using T(2)-weighted single-shot HASTE scans, up to 7 breath-held transaxial single-slice gradient-echo image sets were obtained through the fetal liver. The mother then commenced oxygen breathing with the imaging procedure repeated after 20 minutes of O(2) breathing. For each image set, T(*)(2) values are calculated using linear regression of log (signal) versus TE for a region of interest within the fetal liver selected by the attending radiologist. Fetal liver T(*)(2) values were calculated before and after O(2) breathing for each multi-echo image acquisition set. A signed rank test was used to test for a significant change in fetal liver T(*)(2) between the pre-O(2) and post-O(2) image sets. A significant increase in T*(2) (alpha <0.05) was seen in 5 of the 9 fetal livers, a smaller increase (of borderline statistical significance, alpha = 0.057) in 2 livers, and no significant change (alpha > 0.05) in 2 livers. Our study indicates that T(*)(2) measurement of the fetal liver may detect alteration in fetal oxygen level following maternal oxygenation using the BOLD effect. This technique may potentially be applied to the identification and understanding of placental dysfunction in intra-uterine growth retardation.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The measurement of fetal liver T(*)(2) in utero before and after maternal oxygen breathing: progress towards a non-invasive measurement of fetal oxygenation and placental function

AU - Semple, S I

AU - Wallis, F

AU - Haggarty, P

AU - Abramovich, D

AU - Ross, J A

AU - Redpath, T W

AU - Gilbert, F J

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Utero-placental insufficiency is thought to be a major cause of growth retardation in utero and an important risk factor in the perinatal period. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether MRI could detect changes of fetal oxygenation, based on the blood oxygenation level dependence (BOLD) of the MRI tissue signal. Nine third trimester women (34-38 weeks) with normal pregnancies underwent abdominal MRI examinations. Following localization of the fetal liver using T(2)-weighted single-shot HASTE scans, up to 7 breath-held transaxial single-slice gradient-echo image sets were obtained through the fetal liver. The mother then commenced oxygen breathing with the imaging procedure repeated after 20 minutes of O(2) breathing. For each image set, T(*)(2) values are calculated using linear regression of log (signal) versus TE for a region of interest within the fetal liver selected by the attending radiologist. Fetal liver T(*)(2) values were calculated before and after O(2) breathing for each multi-echo image acquisition set. A signed rank test was used to test for a significant change in fetal liver T(*)(2) between the pre-O(2) and post-O(2) image sets. A significant increase in T*(2) (alpha <0.05) was seen in 5 of the 9 fetal livers, a smaller increase (of borderline statistical significance, alpha = 0.057) in 2 livers, and no significant change (alpha > 0.05) in 2 livers. Our study indicates that T(*)(2) measurement of the fetal liver may detect alteration in fetal oxygen level following maternal oxygenation using the BOLD effect. This technique may potentially be applied to the identification and understanding of placental dysfunction in intra-uterine growth retardation.

AB - Utero-placental insufficiency is thought to be a major cause of growth retardation in utero and an important risk factor in the perinatal period. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether MRI could detect changes of fetal oxygenation, based on the blood oxygenation level dependence (BOLD) of the MRI tissue signal. Nine third trimester women (34-38 weeks) with normal pregnancies underwent abdominal MRI examinations. Following localization of the fetal liver using T(2)-weighted single-shot HASTE scans, up to 7 breath-held transaxial single-slice gradient-echo image sets were obtained through the fetal liver. The mother then commenced oxygen breathing with the imaging procedure repeated after 20 minutes of O(2) breathing. For each image set, T(*)(2) values are calculated using linear regression of log (signal) versus TE for a region of interest within the fetal liver selected by the attending radiologist. Fetal liver T(*)(2) values were calculated before and after O(2) breathing for each multi-echo image acquisition set. A signed rank test was used to test for a significant change in fetal liver T(*)(2) between the pre-O(2) and post-O(2) image sets. A significant increase in T*(2) (alpha <0.05) was seen in 5 of the 9 fetal livers, a smaller increase (of borderline statistical significance, alpha = 0.057) in 2 livers, and no significant change (alpha > 0.05) in 2 livers. Our study indicates that T(*)(2) measurement of the fetal liver may detect alteration in fetal oxygen level following maternal oxygenation using the BOLD effect. This technique may potentially be applied to the identification and understanding of placental dysfunction in intra-uterine growth retardation.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Fetal Growth Retardation

KW - Fetus

KW - Humans

KW - Image Processing, Computer-Assisted

KW - Linear Models

KW - Liver

KW - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

KW - Oxygen

KW - Pilot Projects

KW - Placenta

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Pregnancy Trimester, Third

KW - Respiration

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 921

EP - 928

JO - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

JF - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

SN - 0730-725X

IS - 7

ER -