The need for speed: The menstrual cycle and person construal.

L. Johnston, L. Arden, C Neil MacRae, R. Grace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Species survival relies on rapid and accurate categorization of the sex of potential mates. Macrae, Alnwick, Milne, and Schloerscheidt (2002) showed females to have enhanced sensitivity to reproductively relevant stimuli (male faces) but not to reproductively irrelevant stimuli (female faces) during periods of high fertility. Extending this research, the present study considered the efficiency of person construal in a series of additional comparison groups-specifically, men, pregnant women, and women on the contraceptive pill. Participants completed a person-categorization task twice, with a two week interval between testing sessions. For normally ovulating women, testing occurred during phases of high (i.e., ovulation) and low (i.e., menstruation) conception probability. The results confirmed that women with cyclical fluctuations in fertility were faster to categorize males, but not females, during periods of high than low conception probability. Women on the pill, however, were faster to categorize male than female faces at both testing sessions. Pregnant women and men displayed no reliable effects. The findings are considered in terms of adaptive person perception.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Cognition
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • PERCEPTION
  • PREFERENCE
  • PHEROMONE
  • SYMMETRY
  • SCENT

Cite this

The need for speed: The menstrual cycle and person construal. / Johnston, L.; Arden, L.; MacRae, C Neil; Grace, R.

In: Social Cognition, Vol. 21, 2003, p. 89-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Johnston, L. ; Arden, L. ; MacRae, C Neil ; Grace, R. / The need for speed: The menstrual cycle and person construal. In: Social Cognition. 2003 ; Vol. 21. pp. 89-100.
@article{50a1c9ff0dee4185b17ff2b341732647,
title = "The need for speed: The menstrual cycle and person construal.",
abstract = "Species survival relies on rapid and accurate categorization of the sex of potential mates. Macrae, Alnwick, Milne, and Schloerscheidt (2002) showed females to have enhanced sensitivity to reproductively relevant stimuli (male faces) but not to reproductively irrelevant stimuli (female faces) during periods of high fertility. Extending this research, the present study considered the efficiency of person construal in a series of additional comparison groups-specifically, men, pregnant women, and women on the contraceptive pill. Participants completed a person-categorization task twice, with a two week interval between testing sessions. For normally ovulating women, testing occurred during phases of high (i.e., ovulation) and low (i.e., menstruation) conception probability. The results confirmed that women with cyclical fluctuations in fertility were faster to categorize males, but not females, during periods of high than low conception probability. Women on the pill, however, were faster to categorize male than female faces at both testing sessions. Pregnant women and men displayed no reliable effects. The findings are considered in terms of adaptive person perception.",
keywords = "PERCEPTION, PREFERENCE, PHEROMONE, SYMMETRY, SCENT",
author = "L. Johnston and L. Arden and MacRae, {C Neil} and R. Grace",
year = "2003",
doi = "10.1521/soco.21.2.89.21319",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "89--100",
journal = "Social Cognition",
issn = "0278-016X",
publisher = "Guilford Publications",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The need for speed: The menstrual cycle and person construal.

AU - Johnston, L.

AU - Arden, L.

AU - MacRae, C Neil

AU - Grace, R.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Species survival relies on rapid and accurate categorization of the sex of potential mates. Macrae, Alnwick, Milne, and Schloerscheidt (2002) showed females to have enhanced sensitivity to reproductively relevant stimuli (male faces) but not to reproductively irrelevant stimuli (female faces) during periods of high fertility. Extending this research, the present study considered the efficiency of person construal in a series of additional comparison groups-specifically, men, pregnant women, and women on the contraceptive pill. Participants completed a person-categorization task twice, with a two week interval between testing sessions. For normally ovulating women, testing occurred during phases of high (i.e., ovulation) and low (i.e., menstruation) conception probability. The results confirmed that women with cyclical fluctuations in fertility were faster to categorize males, but not females, during periods of high than low conception probability. Women on the pill, however, were faster to categorize male than female faces at both testing sessions. Pregnant women and men displayed no reliable effects. The findings are considered in terms of adaptive person perception.

AB - Species survival relies on rapid and accurate categorization of the sex of potential mates. Macrae, Alnwick, Milne, and Schloerscheidt (2002) showed females to have enhanced sensitivity to reproductively relevant stimuli (male faces) but not to reproductively irrelevant stimuli (female faces) during periods of high fertility. Extending this research, the present study considered the efficiency of person construal in a series of additional comparison groups-specifically, men, pregnant women, and women on the contraceptive pill. Participants completed a person-categorization task twice, with a two week interval between testing sessions. For normally ovulating women, testing occurred during phases of high (i.e., ovulation) and low (i.e., menstruation) conception probability. The results confirmed that women with cyclical fluctuations in fertility were faster to categorize males, but not females, during periods of high than low conception probability. Women on the pill, however, were faster to categorize male than female faces at both testing sessions. Pregnant women and men displayed no reliable effects. The findings are considered in terms of adaptive person perception.

KW - PERCEPTION

KW - PREFERENCE

KW - PHEROMONE

KW - SYMMETRY

KW - SCENT

U2 - 10.1521/soco.21.2.89.21319

DO - 10.1521/soco.21.2.89.21319

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 89

EP - 100

JO - Social Cognition

JF - Social Cognition

SN - 0278-016X

ER -