The Neolithic transition in Vietnam: Assessing evidence for early pig management and domesticated dog

Rebecca K. Jones*, Philip J. Piper, Rachel Wood, Anh Tuan Nguyen, Marc F. Oxenham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The onset of Neolithic food-producing cultures during the Mid Holocene in Southeast Asia (SEA) constituted major social and demographic change. In northern Vietnam, the Late Holocene site of Man Bac has been argued to capture this shift in population and material culture. This paper provides an updated faunal record of Man Bac and assesses the evidence for dog domestication and pig management at the site. Using a mixed method approach combining morphometric analyses, cluster analysis, mortality profiles, and body part representation, dogs are confidentially determined to be domesticated, and pigs are argued to represent an early management strategy. Direct 14C dating on select pig and dog elements provide the current earliest date for these domesticated animals in northern Vietnam and reflects the early expansion of farming communities into Mainland Southeast Asia (MSEA).

Original languageEnglish
Article number102042
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Volume28
Early online date27 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

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Keywords

  • Canis familiaris
  • Domestication
  • Farming
  • Holocene
  • Southeast Asia
  • Sus scrofa
  • Zooarchaeology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

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