The North Wyke Farm Platform

effect of temperate grassland farming systems on soil moisture contents, runoff and associated water quality dynamics

R. J. Orr* (Corresponding Author), P. J. Murray, C. J. Eyles, M. S. A. Blackwell, L. M. Cardenas, A. L. Collins, J. A. J. Dungait, K. W. T. Goulding, B. A. Griffith, S. J. Gurr, P. Harris, J. M. B. Hawkins, T. H. Misselbrook, C. Rawlings, A. Shepherd, H. Sint, T. Takahashi, K. N. Tozer, A. P. Whitmore, L. Wu & 1 others M. R. F. Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The North Wyke Farm Platform was established as a United Kingdom national capability for collaborative research, training and knowledge exchange in agro‐environmental sciences. Its remit is to research agricultural productivity and ecosystem responses to different management practices for beef and sheep production in lowland grasslands. A system based on permanent pasture was implemented on three 21‐ha farmlets to obtain baseline data on hydrology, nutrient cycling and productivity for 2 years. Since then two farmlets have been modified by either (i) planned reseeding with grasses that have been bred for enhanced sugar content or deep‐rooting traits or (ii) sowing grass and legume mixtures to reduce nitrogen fertilizer inputs. The quantities of nutrients that enter, cycle within and leave the farmlets were evaluated with data recorded from sensor technologies coupled with more traditional field study methods. We demonstrate the potential of the farm platform approach with a case study in which we investigate the effects of the weather, field topography and farm management activity on surface runoff and associated pollutant or nutrient loss from soil. We have the opportunity to do a full nutrient cycling analysis, taking account of nutrient transformations in soil, and flows to water and losses to air. The NWFP monitoring system is unique in both scale and scope for a managed land‐based capability that brings together several technologies that allow the effect of temperate grassland farming systems on soil moisture levels, runoff and associated water quality dynamics to be studied in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-385
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Soil Science
Volume67
Issue number4
Early online date29 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

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farming system
biogeochemical cycles
soil water content
moisture content
runoff
farming systems
water quality
soil moisture
grasslands
grassland
farm
nutrient cycling
farms
soil nutrient dynamics
grass
grasses
study method
cooperative research
productivity
losses from soil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

Cite this

The North Wyke Farm Platform : effect of temperate grassland farming systems on soil moisture contents, runoff and associated water quality dynamics. / Orr, R. J. (Corresponding Author); Murray, P. J.; Eyles, C. J.; Blackwell, M. S. A.; Cardenas, L. M.; Collins, A. L.; Dungait, J. A. J.; Goulding, K. W. T.; Griffith, B. A.; Gurr, S. J.; Harris, P.; Hawkins, J. M. B.; Misselbrook, T. H.; Rawlings, C.; Shepherd, A.; Sint, H.; Takahashi, T.; Tozer, K. N.; Whitmore, A. P.; Wu, L.; Lee, M. R. F.

In: European Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 67, No. 4, 01.07.2016, p. 374-385.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Orr, RJ, Murray, PJ, Eyles, CJ, Blackwell, MSA, Cardenas, LM, Collins, AL, Dungait, JAJ, Goulding, KWT, Griffith, BA, Gurr, SJ, Harris, P, Hawkins, JMB, Misselbrook, TH, Rawlings, C, Shepherd, A, Sint, H, Takahashi, T, Tozer, KN, Whitmore, AP, Wu, L & Lee, MRF 2016, 'The North Wyke Farm Platform: effect of temperate grassland farming systems on soil moisture contents, runoff and associated water quality dynamics', European Journal of Soil Science, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 374-385. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12350
Orr, R. J. ; Murray, P. J. ; Eyles, C. J. ; Blackwell, M. S. A. ; Cardenas, L. M. ; Collins, A. L. ; Dungait, J. A. J. ; Goulding, K. W. T. ; Griffith, B. A. ; Gurr, S. J. ; Harris, P. ; Hawkins, J. M. B. ; Misselbrook, T. H. ; Rawlings, C. ; Shepherd, A. ; Sint, H. ; Takahashi, T. ; Tozer, K. N. ; Whitmore, A. P. ; Wu, L. ; Lee, M. R. F. / The North Wyke Farm Platform : effect of temperate grassland farming systems on soil moisture contents, runoff and associated water quality dynamics. In: European Journal of Soil Science. 2016 ; Vol. 67, No. 4. pp. 374-385.
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AU - Rawlings, C.

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