The last year has seen an interesting and important collection of evidence presented in the field of the "other" than Helicobacter pylori Helicobacters. Associations with adult ulcerative colitis and biliary/hepatic disease have been described. New insights into the immune response and subsequent pathogenesis associated with infection have also been published. Genomic advances include description of new and unique species and the complete genome description for both Helicobacter felis and Helicobacter suis. Molecular studies have also elucidated the mechanism of action of some functional components of these organisms.
- non-H. pylori Helicobacters
- gastric Helicobacter spp.
- enterohepatic Helicobacter spp.
- human diseases
- host immune responses