The palaeoecology of a high status Icelandic farm

Guðrún Sveinbjarnardóttir, Egill Erlendsson, Kim Vickers, Tom McGovern, Karen Beatrice Milek, Kevin John Edwards, Ian A. Simpson, Gordon Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Written sources indicate that the farm of Reykholt in Borgarfjörður, Iceland was built on the land ofthe original settlement farm, and that it had acquired the primary status in the valley by the early 12th century. Archaeological evidence suggests that the farm together with a church may have been established as early as ca. 1000 AD, which is when Christianity was adopted in Iceland. The site became one of the country’s major ecclesiastical centres, growing in wealth and stature, not least during the occupancy of the writer and chieftain Snorri Sturluson in the first half of the 13th century. Long-term excavations included a palaeoenvironmental sampling programme aimed at the investigation of the economy and environment of the farm. This paper focuses upon the results of the palaeoecological analysis and places them into the historical context of the farm.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-206
Number of pages20
JournalEnvironmental Archaeology
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2007

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paleoecology
farm
Iceland
Christianity
archaeological evidence
excavation
church
writer
Icelandic
Farm
Palaeoecology
valley
economy
sampling
evidence

Keywords

  • Iceland
  • Viking Age
  • Post-medieval
  • Settlement
  • Economy
  • Environment
  • Soil micromorphology
  • Floors
  • Middens
  • Archaeoentomology
  • Palynology
  • Archaeobotany
  • Zooarchaeology
  • Geoarchaeology

Cite this

Sveinbjarnardóttir, G., Erlendsson, E., Vickers, K., McGovern, T., Milek, K. B., Edwards, K. J., ... Cook, G. (2007). The palaeoecology of a high status Icelandic farm. Environmental Archaeology, 12(2), 187-206. https://doi.org/10.1179/174963107x226453

The palaeoecology of a high status Icelandic farm. / Sveinbjarnardóttir, Guðrún; Erlendsson, Egill; Vickers, Kim; McGovern, Tom; Milek, Karen Beatrice; Edwards, Kevin John; Simpson, Ian A.; Cook, Gordon.

In: Environmental Archaeology, Vol. 12, No. 2, 01.10.2007, p. 187-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sveinbjarnardóttir, G, Erlendsson, E, Vickers, K, McGovern, T, Milek, KB, Edwards, KJ, Simpson, IA & Cook, G 2007, 'The palaeoecology of a high status Icelandic farm', Environmental Archaeology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 187-206. https://doi.org/10.1179/174963107x226453
Sveinbjarnardóttir G, Erlendsson E, Vickers K, McGovern T, Milek KB, Edwards KJ et al. The palaeoecology of a high status Icelandic farm. Environmental Archaeology. 2007 Oct 1;12(2):187-206. https://doi.org/10.1179/174963107x226453
Sveinbjarnardóttir, Guðrún ; Erlendsson, Egill ; Vickers, Kim ; McGovern, Tom ; Milek, Karen Beatrice ; Edwards, Kevin John ; Simpson, Ian A. ; Cook, Gordon. / The palaeoecology of a high status Icelandic farm. In: Environmental Archaeology. 2007 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 187-206.
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