The pre-breakup stratigraphy and petroleum system of the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge revealed by seafloor sampling

Stéphane Polteau* (Corresponding Author), Adriano Mazzini, Geir Hansen, Sverre Planke, Dougal A. Jerram, John Millett, Mansour M. Abdelmalak, Anett Blischke, Reidun Myklebust

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The Jan Mayen Microplate Complex (JMMC) in the NE Atlantic is interpreted to mostly consist of continental fragments with possible interstitial embryonic oceanic crust. A complex Cenozoic rifting history accompanied by extensive extrusive and intrusive volcanism have made the geological characterization of the JMMC challenging especially due to poor seismic imaging beneath the breakup basalt succession. The presence of continental crust in the JMMC is inferred by seismic and magnetic data, but ground truthing evidence have yet to be provided. Here, we present the results from a seafloor sampling campaign undertaken in 2011 on the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge complex. Seabed samples were recovered using a gravity corer and a dredge along a 1000 m high escarpment with a 19° slope. Sampling locations were selected based on the interpretation of seismic profiles that suggest the presence of possible pre-breakup successions outcropping along this steep escarpment. Results include a sequence of samples with age diagnostic palynomorph assemblages ranging from Permian/Triassic to Eocene, and including igneous samples related to the Early Eocene breakup volcanism. Importantly, the samples were retrieved from hard substrate in an erosional gully lacking overburden sediments and have ages arranged in younging upward sequential order, supporting their near in-situ position. The sampling results were integrated into a lithostratigraphic pseudo-well that can be used to constrain the evolution and breakup of the JMMC. Additionally, evidence for active migration of Jurassic sourced hydrocarbons comprise the first indication of a working hydrocarbon system, with important implications for the petroleum prospectivity of the Dreki area. Finally, these results confirm that the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge is indeed a sliver of continental crust.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-164
Number of pages13
JournalTectonophysics
Volume760
Early online date30 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

stratigraphy
microplate
crude oil
ridges
seafloor
sampling
petroleum
escarpments
crusts
escarpment
continental crust
volcanism
Eocene
hydrocarbons
hydrocarbon
slivers
palynomorph
dredger
gully
overburden

Keywords

  • Breakup
  • Jan Mayen microplate complex
  • Jurassic
  • NE Atlantic
  • Petroleum system
  • Pre-breakup
  • Seafloor sampling
  • Sub-basalt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

The pre-breakup stratigraphy and petroleum system of the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge revealed by seafloor sampling. / Polteau, Stéphane (Corresponding Author); Mazzini, Adriano; Hansen, Geir; Planke, Sverre; Jerram, Dougal A.; Millett, John; Abdelmalak, Mansour M.; Blischke, Anett; Myklebust, Reidun.

In: Tectonophysics, Vol. 760, 05.06.2019, p. 152-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Polteau, S, Mazzini, A, Hansen, G, Planke, S, Jerram, DA, Millett, J, Abdelmalak, MM, Blischke, A & Myklebust, R 2019, 'The pre-breakup stratigraphy and petroleum system of the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge revealed by seafloor sampling', Tectonophysics, vol. 760, pp. 152-164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2018.04.016
Polteau, Stéphane ; Mazzini, Adriano ; Hansen, Geir ; Planke, Sverre ; Jerram, Dougal A. ; Millett, John ; Abdelmalak, Mansour M. ; Blischke, Anett ; Myklebust, Reidun. / The pre-breakup stratigraphy and petroleum system of the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge revealed by seafloor sampling. In: Tectonophysics. 2019 ; Vol. 760. pp. 152-164.
@article{334d5be6911e4e2eaaea0d1c1f3aaf99,
title = "The pre-breakup stratigraphy and petroleum system of the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge revealed by seafloor sampling",
abstract = "The Jan Mayen Microplate Complex (JMMC) in the NE Atlantic is interpreted to mostly consist of continental fragments with possible interstitial embryonic oceanic crust. A complex Cenozoic rifting history accompanied by extensive extrusive and intrusive volcanism have made the geological characterization of the JMMC challenging especially due to poor seismic imaging beneath the breakup basalt succession. The presence of continental crust in the JMMC is inferred by seismic and magnetic data, but ground truthing evidence have yet to be provided. Here, we present the results from a seafloor sampling campaign undertaken in 2011 on the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge complex. Seabed samples were recovered using a gravity corer and a dredge along a 1000 m high escarpment with a 19° slope. Sampling locations were selected based on the interpretation of seismic profiles that suggest the presence of possible pre-breakup successions outcropping along this steep escarpment. Results include a sequence of samples with age diagnostic palynomorph assemblages ranging from Permian/Triassic to Eocene, and including igneous samples related to the Early Eocene breakup volcanism. Importantly, the samples were retrieved from hard substrate in an erosional gully lacking overburden sediments and have ages arranged in younging upward sequential order, supporting their near in-situ position. The sampling results were integrated into a lithostratigraphic pseudo-well that can be used to constrain the evolution and breakup of the JMMC. Additionally, evidence for active migration of Jurassic sourced hydrocarbons comprise the first indication of a working hydrocarbon system, with important implications for the petroleum prospectivity of the Dreki area. Finally, these results confirm that the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge is indeed a sliver of continental crust.",
keywords = "Breakup, Jan Mayen microplate complex, Jurassic, NE Atlantic, Petroleum system, Pre-breakup, Seafloor sampling, Sub-basalt",
author = "St{\'e}phane Polteau and Adriano Mazzini and Geir Hansen and Sverre Planke and Jerram, {Dougal A.} and John Millett and Abdelmalak, {Mansour M.} and Anett Blischke and Reidun Myklebust",
note = "The authors would like to acknowledge the contribution from the vessel’s crew (captain I. Rasmussen) and operator (Thor Ltd), the two surveyors (K. H{\o}ys{\ae}th and H.B. Bortne), and two sampling assistants (F. Gausepohl and A.-M. Voelsch). Sverre Planke and Dougal Jerram are partly funded through a Norwegian Research Council Centers of Excellence project (project number 223272, CEED). Adriano Mazzini is funded by the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme Grant agreement n° 308126 (LUSI LAB project, PI A. Mazzini). TGS and VBPR funded the cruise and allowed the publication of the data and interpretation. Steve Killops from APT refined our interpretation of the biomarker data. The reviewers and the editor are also thanked for their constructive comments. Finally, this article is dedicated to the biostratigrapher Haavard Selnes who sadly passed away in 2015.",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.tecto.2018.04.016",
language = "English",
volume = "760",
pages = "152--164",
journal = "Tectonophysics",
issn = "0040-1951",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The pre-breakup stratigraphy and petroleum system of the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge revealed by seafloor sampling

AU - Polteau, Stéphane

AU - Mazzini, Adriano

AU - Hansen, Geir

AU - Planke, Sverre

AU - Jerram, Dougal A.

AU - Millett, John

AU - Abdelmalak, Mansour M.

AU - Blischke, Anett

AU - Myklebust, Reidun

N1 - The authors would like to acknowledge the contribution from the vessel’s crew (captain I. Rasmussen) and operator (Thor Ltd), the two surveyors (K. Høysæth and H.B. Bortne), and two sampling assistants (F. Gausepohl and A.-M. Voelsch). Sverre Planke and Dougal Jerram are partly funded through a Norwegian Research Council Centers of Excellence project (project number 223272, CEED). Adriano Mazzini is funded by the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme Grant agreement n° 308126 (LUSI LAB project, PI A. Mazzini). TGS and VBPR funded the cruise and allowed the publication of the data and interpretation. Steve Killops from APT refined our interpretation of the biomarker data. The reviewers and the editor are also thanked for their constructive comments. Finally, this article is dedicated to the biostratigrapher Haavard Selnes who sadly passed away in 2015.

PY - 2019/6/5

Y1 - 2019/6/5

N2 - The Jan Mayen Microplate Complex (JMMC) in the NE Atlantic is interpreted to mostly consist of continental fragments with possible interstitial embryonic oceanic crust. A complex Cenozoic rifting history accompanied by extensive extrusive and intrusive volcanism have made the geological characterization of the JMMC challenging especially due to poor seismic imaging beneath the breakup basalt succession. The presence of continental crust in the JMMC is inferred by seismic and magnetic data, but ground truthing evidence have yet to be provided. Here, we present the results from a seafloor sampling campaign undertaken in 2011 on the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge complex. Seabed samples were recovered using a gravity corer and a dredge along a 1000 m high escarpment with a 19° slope. Sampling locations were selected based on the interpretation of seismic profiles that suggest the presence of possible pre-breakup successions outcropping along this steep escarpment. Results include a sequence of samples with age diagnostic palynomorph assemblages ranging from Permian/Triassic to Eocene, and including igneous samples related to the Early Eocene breakup volcanism. Importantly, the samples were retrieved from hard substrate in an erosional gully lacking overburden sediments and have ages arranged in younging upward sequential order, supporting their near in-situ position. The sampling results were integrated into a lithostratigraphic pseudo-well that can be used to constrain the evolution and breakup of the JMMC. Additionally, evidence for active migration of Jurassic sourced hydrocarbons comprise the first indication of a working hydrocarbon system, with important implications for the petroleum prospectivity of the Dreki area. Finally, these results confirm that the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge is indeed a sliver of continental crust.

AB - The Jan Mayen Microplate Complex (JMMC) in the NE Atlantic is interpreted to mostly consist of continental fragments with possible interstitial embryonic oceanic crust. A complex Cenozoic rifting history accompanied by extensive extrusive and intrusive volcanism have made the geological characterization of the JMMC challenging especially due to poor seismic imaging beneath the breakup basalt succession. The presence of continental crust in the JMMC is inferred by seismic and magnetic data, but ground truthing evidence have yet to be provided. Here, we present the results from a seafloor sampling campaign undertaken in 2011 on the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge complex. Seabed samples were recovered using a gravity corer and a dredge along a 1000 m high escarpment with a 19° slope. Sampling locations were selected based on the interpretation of seismic profiles that suggest the presence of possible pre-breakup successions outcropping along this steep escarpment. Results include a sequence of samples with age diagnostic palynomorph assemblages ranging from Permian/Triassic to Eocene, and including igneous samples related to the Early Eocene breakup volcanism. Importantly, the samples were retrieved from hard substrate in an erosional gully lacking overburden sediments and have ages arranged in younging upward sequential order, supporting their near in-situ position. The sampling results were integrated into a lithostratigraphic pseudo-well that can be used to constrain the evolution and breakup of the JMMC. Additionally, evidence for active migration of Jurassic sourced hydrocarbons comprise the first indication of a working hydrocarbon system, with important implications for the petroleum prospectivity of the Dreki area. Finally, these results confirm that the Southern Jan Mayen Ridge is indeed a sliver of continental crust.

KW - Breakup

KW - Jan Mayen microplate complex

KW - Jurassic

KW - NE Atlantic

KW - Petroleum system

KW - Pre-breakup

KW - Seafloor sampling

KW - Sub-basalt

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046692572&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.tecto.2018.04.016

DO - 10.1016/j.tecto.2018.04.016

M3 - Article

VL - 760

SP - 152

EP - 164

JO - Tectonophysics

JF - Tectonophysics

SN - 0040-1951

ER -