The prevalence of cognitive impairment in a community survey of multiple sclerosis

S. A. McIntosh‐Michaelis, M. H. Roberts, S. M. Wilkinson, I. D. Diamond, D. L. McLellan*, J. P. Martin, A. J. Spackman

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    119 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A one in two alternate sample (N = 200) from a population‐based register of 411 people with multiple sclerosis (MS) was studied. Out of this sample, 147 people with MS and 34 people with rheumatoid arthritis were interviewed at home and completed a battery of neuropsychological tests. Cognitive impairment was found in 46 per cent of those with MS, with memory impairment in 34 per cent and failure on tests of frontal lobe function in 33 per cent. Physical disability was associated with cognitive impairment. Memory impairment was more common in those who had had MS for 10 years or more. A significant minority of people with mild physical disability and some who had had MS for less than a decade nevertheless had cognitive impairment. Relationships between cognitive impairment, other disease variables and psychosocial factors were examined. Counselling and rehabilitation programmes for people with MS and their families should take account of cognitive deficits that may be present. 1991 The British Psychological Society

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)333-348
    Number of pages16
    JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Psychology
    Volume30
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

    Fingerprint

    Multiple Sclerosis
    Neuropsychological Tests
    Frontal Lobe
    Cognitive Dysfunction
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Cognitive Impairment
    Counseling
    Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Rehabilitation
    Psychology
    Impairment
    Physical

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Clinical Psychology

    Cite this

    McIntosh‐Michaelis, S. A., Roberts, M. H., Wilkinson, S. M., Diamond, I. D., McLellan, D. L., Martin, J. P., & Spackman, A. J. (1991). The prevalence of cognitive impairment in a community survey of multiple sclerosis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 30(4), 333-348. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8260.1991.tb00954.x

    The prevalence of cognitive impairment in a community survey of multiple sclerosis. / McIntosh‐Michaelis, S. A.; Roberts, M. H.; Wilkinson, S. M.; Diamond, I. D.; McLellan, D. L.; Martin, J. P.; Spackman, A. J.

    In: British Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 30, No. 4, 1991, p. 333-348.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    McIntosh‐Michaelis, SA, Roberts, MH, Wilkinson, SM, Diamond, ID, McLellan, DL, Martin, JP & Spackman, AJ 1991, 'The prevalence of cognitive impairment in a community survey of multiple sclerosis', British Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 333-348. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8260.1991.tb00954.x
    McIntosh‐Michaelis SA, Roberts MH, Wilkinson SM, Diamond ID, McLellan DL, Martin JP et al. The prevalence of cognitive impairment in a community survey of multiple sclerosis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1991;30(4):333-348. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8260.1991.tb00954.x
    McIntosh‐Michaelis, S. A. ; Roberts, M. H. ; Wilkinson, S. M. ; Diamond, I. D. ; McLellan, D. L. ; Martin, J. P. ; Spackman, A. J. / The prevalence of cognitive impairment in a community survey of multiple sclerosis. In: British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1991 ; Vol. 30, No. 4. pp. 333-348.
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