The Rad52 homologs Rad22 and Rti1 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe are not essential for meiotic interhomolog recombination, but are required for meiotic intrachromosomal recombination and mating-type-related DNA repair

Guillaume Octobre, Alexander Lorenz, Josef Loidl, Jurg Kohli

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Proteins of the RAD52 epistasis group play an essential role in repair of some types of DNA damage and genetic recombination. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Rad22 (a Rad52 ortholog) has been shown to be as necessary for repair and recombination events during vegetative growth as its Saccharomyces cerevisiae counterpart. This finding contrasts with previous reports where, due to suppressor mutations in the fbh1 gene, rad22 mutants did not display a severe defect. We have analyzed the roles of Rad22 and Rti1, another Rad52 homolog, during meiotic recombination and meiosis in general. Both proteins play an important role in spore viability. During meiotic prophase I, they partially colocalize and partially localize to Rad51 foci and linear elements. Genetic analysis showed that meiotic interchromosomal crossover and conversion events were unexpectedly not much affected by deletion of either or both genes. A strong decrease of intrachromosomal recombination assayed by a gene duplication construct was observed. Therefore, we propose that the most important function of Rad22 and Rti1 in S. pombe meiosis is repair of double-strand breaks with involvement of the sister chromatids. In addition, a novel mating-type-related repair function of Rad22 specific to meiosis and spore germination is described.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2399-2412
Number of pages14
JournalGenetics
Volume178
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

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Schizosaccharomyces
Meiosis
DNA Repair
Genetic Recombination
Spores
Meiotic Prophase I
Genetic Suppression
Recombinational DNA Repair
Chromatids
Gene Duplication
Germination
Genes
DNA Damage
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Proteins
Growth

Cite this

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title = "The Rad52 homologs Rad22 and Rti1 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe are not essential for meiotic interhomolog recombination, but are required for meiotic intrachromosomal recombination and mating-type-related DNA repair",
abstract = "Proteins of the RAD52 epistasis group play an essential role in repair of some types of DNA damage and genetic recombination. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Rad22 (a Rad52 ortholog) has been shown to be as necessary for repair and recombination events during vegetative growth as its Saccharomyces cerevisiae counterpart. This finding contrasts with previous reports where, due to suppressor mutations in the fbh1 gene, rad22 mutants did not display a severe defect. We have analyzed the roles of Rad22 and Rti1, another Rad52 homolog, during meiotic recombination and meiosis in general. Both proteins play an important role in spore viability. During meiotic prophase I, they partially colocalize and partially localize to Rad51 foci and linear elements. Genetic analysis showed that meiotic interchromosomal crossover and conversion events were unexpectedly not much affected by deletion of either or both genes. A strong decrease of intrachromosomal recombination assayed by a gene duplication construct was observed. Therefore, we propose that the most important function of Rad22 and Rti1 in S. pombe meiosis is repair of double-strand breaks with involvement of the sister chromatids. In addition, a novel mating-type-related repair function of Rad22 specific to meiosis and spore germination is described.",
author = "Guillaume Octobre and Alexander Lorenz and Josef Loidl and Jurg Kohli",
year = "2008",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1534/genetics.107.085696",
language = "English",
volume = "178",
pages = "2399--2412",
journal = "Genetics",
issn = "0016-6731",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The Rad52 homologs Rad22 and Rti1 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe are not essential for meiotic interhomolog recombination, but are required for meiotic intrachromosomal recombination and mating-type-related DNA repair

AU - Octobre, Guillaume

AU - Lorenz, Alexander

AU - Loidl, Josef

AU - Kohli, Jurg

PY - 2008/4

Y1 - 2008/4

N2 - Proteins of the RAD52 epistasis group play an essential role in repair of some types of DNA damage and genetic recombination. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Rad22 (a Rad52 ortholog) has been shown to be as necessary for repair and recombination events during vegetative growth as its Saccharomyces cerevisiae counterpart. This finding contrasts with previous reports where, due to suppressor mutations in the fbh1 gene, rad22 mutants did not display a severe defect. We have analyzed the roles of Rad22 and Rti1, another Rad52 homolog, during meiotic recombination and meiosis in general. Both proteins play an important role in spore viability. During meiotic prophase I, they partially colocalize and partially localize to Rad51 foci and linear elements. Genetic analysis showed that meiotic interchromosomal crossover and conversion events were unexpectedly not much affected by deletion of either or both genes. A strong decrease of intrachromosomal recombination assayed by a gene duplication construct was observed. Therefore, we propose that the most important function of Rad22 and Rti1 in S. pombe meiosis is repair of double-strand breaks with involvement of the sister chromatids. In addition, a novel mating-type-related repair function of Rad22 specific to meiosis and spore germination is described.

AB - Proteins of the RAD52 epistasis group play an essential role in repair of some types of DNA damage and genetic recombination. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Rad22 (a Rad52 ortholog) has been shown to be as necessary for repair and recombination events during vegetative growth as its Saccharomyces cerevisiae counterpart. This finding contrasts with previous reports where, due to suppressor mutations in the fbh1 gene, rad22 mutants did not display a severe defect. We have analyzed the roles of Rad22 and Rti1, another Rad52 homolog, during meiotic recombination and meiosis in general. Both proteins play an important role in spore viability. During meiotic prophase I, they partially colocalize and partially localize to Rad51 foci and linear elements. Genetic analysis showed that meiotic interchromosomal crossover and conversion events were unexpectedly not much affected by deletion of either or both genes. A strong decrease of intrachromosomal recombination assayed by a gene duplication construct was observed. Therefore, we propose that the most important function of Rad22 and Rti1 in S. pombe meiosis is repair of double-strand breaks with involvement of the sister chromatids. In addition, a novel mating-type-related repair function of Rad22 specific to meiosis and spore germination is described.

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U2 - 10.1534/genetics.107.085696

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