The Rise of the “Resistance Axis”: Hezbollah and the Legacy of the Taif Accords

Samantha May (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Officially announcing their presence with the Open Letter of 1985, Hizbullah have altered from what Ranstorp called a “rag-tag militia”1 to a political party with veto power in the Lebanese cabinet. However, Hizbullah’s current direct military presence in Syria and Iraq, confirm the geographic expanse of their actions transcends Lebanon as a political stage. But why, on the 30th anniversary of Taif, can Hizbullah still not be contained within the political and geographical boundaries of Lebanon?

Exploring how the Taif agreements both tamed Hizbullah’s actions and rhetoric whilst simultaneously laying the conditions for transnational actions, this paper argues that the imperfect conditions set by the Taif accords has assisted in the rise of Hizbullah’s self-coined “Resistance Axis”. Post-Taif, Hizbullah have tended relations with the same external forces that helped broker the peace while unlocking the potentials contained in the exceptional decision to allow Hizbullah to retain arms in the name of ‘resistance’.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-132
Number of pages18
JournalNationalism and Ethnic Politics
Volume25
Issue number1
Early online date10 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Lebanon
military presence
Syria
anniversary
Iraq
peace
rhetoric
political party
decision
rag

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Political Science and International Relations

Cite this

@article{1ca686926d6c491d86424382703d4e18,
title = "The Rise of the “Resistance Axis”: Hezbollah and the Legacy of the Taif Accords",
abstract = "Officially announcing their presence with the Open Letter of 1985, Hizbullah have altered from what Ranstorp called a “rag-tag militia”1 to a political party with veto power in the Lebanese cabinet. However, Hizbullah’s current direct military presence in Syria and Iraq, confirm the geographic expanse of their actions transcends Lebanon as a political stage. But why, on the 30th anniversary of Taif, can Hizbullah still not be contained within the political and geographical boundaries of Lebanon?Exploring how the Taif agreements both tamed Hizbullah’s actions and rhetoric whilst simultaneously laying the conditions for transnational actions, this paper argues that the imperfect conditions set by the Taif accords has assisted in the rise of Hizbullah’s self-coined “Resistance Axis”. Post-Taif, Hizbullah have tended relations with the same external forces that helped broker the peace while unlocking the potentials contained in the exceptional decision to allow Hizbullah to retain arms in the name of ‘resistance’.",
author = "Samantha May",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1080/13537113.2019.1565184",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "115--132",
journal = "Nationalism and Ethnic Politics",
issn = "1353-7113",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Rise of the “Resistance Axis”

T2 - Hezbollah and the Legacy of the Taif Accords

AU - May, Samantha

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Officially announcing their presence with the Open Letter of 1985, Hizbullah have altered from what Ranstorp called a “rag-tag militia”1 to a political party with veto power in the Lebanese cabinet. However, Hizbullah’s current direct military presence in Syria and Iraq, confirm the geographic expanse of their actions transcends Lebanon as a political stage. But why, on the 30th anniversary of Taif, can Hizbullah still not be contained within the political and geographical boundaries of Lebanon?Exploring how the Taif agreements both tamed Hizbullah’s actions and rhetoric whilst simultaneously laying the conditions for transnational actions, this paper argues that the imperfect conditions set by the Taif accords has assisted in the rise of Hizbullah’s self-coined “Resistance Axis”. Post-Taif, Hizbullah have tended relations with the same external forces that helped broker the peace while unlocking the potentials contained in the exceptional decision to allow Hizbullah to retain arms in the name of ‘resistance’.

AB - Officially announcing their presence with the Open Letter of 1985, Hizbullah have altered from what Ranstorp called a “rag-tag militia”1 to a political party with veto power in the Lebanese cabinet. However, Hizbullah’s current direct military presence in Syria and Iraq, confirm the geographic expanse of their actions transcends Lebanon as a political stage. But why, on the 30th anniversary of Taif, can Hizbullah still not be contained within the political and geographical boundaries of Lebanon?Exploring how the Taif agreements both tamed Hizbullah’s actions and rhetoric whilst simultaneously laying the conditions for transnational actions, this paper argues that the imperfect conditions set by the Taif accords has assisted in the rise of Hizbullah’s self-coined “Resistance Axis”. Post-Taif, Hizbullah have tended relations with the same external forces that helped broker the peace while unlocking the potentials contained in the exceptional decision to allow Hizbullah to retain arms in the name of ‘resistance’.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064222885&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/rise-resistance-axis-hezbollah-legacy-taif-agreement

U2 - 10.1080/13537113.2019.1565184

DO - 10.1080/13537113.2019.1565184

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 115

EP - 132

JO - Nationalism and Ethnic Politics

JF - Nationalism and Ethnic Politics

SN - 1353-7113

IS - 1

ER -