The role of Raman spectroscopy as an astrobiological tool in the exploration of Mars

A Ellery, D Wynn-Williams, J Parnell, H G M Edwards, D Dickensheets

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe how the exploration of the Martian environment would be considerably enhanced through the use of Raman spectroscopy. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy is particularly suited for both mineralogical analysis of Martian rock and soil and for the detection of fossilised biota from former Martian microorganisms. We outline astrobiologically relevant features of the Martian environment and issues related to the detection of biotic residues. We further discuss the possibility of the emergence of photosynthetic bacteria on early Mars which may have left fossil evidence. We describe how Raman spectroscopy may be deployed for both astrobiological and mineralogical investigation, particularly in search of pigmented biomolecules, and describe the requirements for a spaceflight-qualified version of a Raman spectrometer for deployment on Mars. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-457
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Raman Spectroscopy
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Mars
  • astrobiology
  • mineralogical analysis
  • photosynthetic bacteria
  • pigmented biomolecules
  • IN-SITU
  • OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS
  • EXOBIOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS
  • DEINOCOCCUS-RADIODURANS
  • DESICCATION TOLERANCE
  • EXPRESS MISSION
  • BIOLOGY LANDER
  • ORGANIC-MATTER
  • MARTIAN SOIL
  • BEAGLE 2

Cite this

The role of Raman spectroscopy as an astrobiological tool in the exploration of Mars. / Ellery, A ; Wynn-Williams, D ; Parnell, J ; Edwards, H G M ; Dickensheets, D .

In: Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 35, 2004, p. 441-457.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

Ellery, A ; Wynn-Williams, D ; Parnell, J ; Edwards, H G M ; Dickensheets, D . / The role of Raman spectroscopy as an astrobiological tool in the exploration of Mars. In: Journal of Raman Spectroscopy. 2004 ; Vol. 35. pp. 441-457.
@article{dc2f5b2b1f7241969ce2d7a13e230838,
title = "The role of Raman spectroscopy as an astrobiological tool in the exploration of Mars",
abstract = "We describe how the exploration of the Martian environment would be considerably enhanced through the use of Raman spectroscopy. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy is particularly suited for both mineralogical analysis of Martian rock and soil and for the detection of fossilised biota from former Martian microorganisms. We outline astrobiologically relevant features of the Martian environment and issues related to the detection of biotic residues. We further discuss the possibility of the emergence of photosynthetic bacteria on early Mars which may have left fossil evidence. We describe how Raman spectroscopy may be deployed for both astrobiological and mineralogical investigation, particularly in search of pigmented biomolecules, and describe the requirements for a spaceflight-qualified version of a Raman spectrometer for deployment on Mars. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.",
keywords = "Mars, astrobiology, mineralogical analysis, photosynthetic bacteria, pigmented biomolecules, IN-SITU, OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS, EXOBIOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS, DEINOCOCCUS-RADIODURANS, DESICCATION TOLERANCE, EXPRESS MISSION, BIOLOGY LANDER, ORGANIC-MATTER, MARTIAN SOIL, BEAGLE 2",
author = "A Ellery and D Wynn-Williams and J Parnell and Edwards, {H G M} and D Dickensheets",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1002/jrs.1189",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "441--457",
journal = "Journal of Raman Spectroscopy",
issn = "0377-0486",
publisher = "WILEY-BLACKWELL",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of Raman spectroscopy as an astrobiological tool in the exploration of Mars

AU - Ellery, A

AU - Wynn-Williams, D

AU - Parnell, J

AU - Edwards, H G M

AU - Dickensheets, D

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - We describe how the exploration of the Martian environment would be considerably enhanced through the use of Raman spectroscopy. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy is particularly suited for both mineralogical analysis of Martian rock and soil and for the detection of fossilised biota from former Martian microorganisms. We outline astrobiologically relevant features of the Martian environment and issues related to the detection of biotic residues. We further discuss the possibility of the emergence of photosynthetic bacteria on early Mars which may have left fossil evidence. We describe how Raman spectroscopy may be deployed for both astrobiological and mineralogical investigation, particularly in search of pigmented biomolecules, and describe the requirements for a spaceflight-qualified version of a Raman spectrometer for deployment on Mars. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

AB - We describe how the exploration of the Martian environment would be considerably enhanced through the use of Raman spectroscopy. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy is particularly suited for both mineralogical analysis of Martian rock and soil and for the detection of fossilised biota from former Martian microorganisms. We outline astrobiologically relevant features of the Martian environment and issues related to the detection of biotic residues. We further discuss the possibility of the emergence of photosynthetic bacteria on early Mars which may have left fossil evidence. We describe how Raman spectroscopy may be deployed for both astrobiological and mineralogical investigation, particularly in search of pigmented biomolecules, and describe the requirements for a spaceflight-qualified version of a Raman spectrometer for deployment on Mars. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

KW - Mars

KW - astrobiology

KW - mineralogical analysis

KW - photosynthetic bacteria

KW - pigmented biomolecules

KW - IN-SITU

KW - OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS

KW - EXOBIOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS

KW - DEINOCOCCUS-RADIODURANS

KW - DESICCATION TOLERANCE

KW - EXPRESS MISSION

KW - BIOLOGY LANDER

KW - ORGANIC-MATTER

KW - MARTIAN SOIL

KW - BEAGLE 2

U2 - 10.1002/jrs.1189

DO - 10.1002/jrs.1189

M3 - Literature review

VL - 35

SP - 441

EP - 457

JO - Journal of Raman Spectroscopy

JF - Journal of Raman Spectroscopy

SN - 0377-0486

ER -