The role of verbal processing at different stages of recognition memory for faces

Kazuyo Nakabayashi, A. Mike Burton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four experiments examined the role of verbal processing at different stages of face recognition memory. In Experiment 1 participants learned faces with or without articulatory suppression, then engaged in an old/new recognition task. Using the same procedure, Experiment 2 examined performance under single and dual encoding conditions, using articulatory suppression and face verbalisation. In Experiment 3 performance deriving from these conditions was compared with a tapping control. The results were consistent; articulatory suppression impaired performance in comparison to the other conditions, which themselves did not differ. Experiment 4 examined the effects of postencoding verbalisation on performance, and showed some evidence for a standard verbal overshadowing effect. These results suggest that the role of verbal processing in face memory is complex, depending on the time when such processes occur. The results are discussed with reference to theories of verbal overshadowing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-496
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Journal of Cognitive Psychology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2008

Keywords

  • multiple face
  • retention
  • stimuli
  • words
  • codes
  • video

Cite this

The role of verbal processing at different stages of recognition memory for faces. / Nakabayashi, Kazuyo; Burton, A. Mike.

In: European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 20, No. 3, 02.04.2008, p. 478-496.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakabayashi, Kazuyo ; Burton, A. Mike. / The role of verbal processing at different stages of recognition memory for faces. In: European Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 2008 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 478-496.
@article{5a5499c9a4d440ea8c9c2faa761bc0da,
title = "The role of verbal processing at different stages of recognition memory for faces",
abstract = "Four experiments examined the role of verbal processing at different stages of face recognition memory. In Experiment 1 participants learned faces with or without articulatory suppression, then engaged in an old/new recognition task. Using the same procedure, Experiment 2 examined performance under single and dual encoding conditions, using articulatory suppression and face verbalisation. In Experiment 3 performance deriving from these conditions was compared with a tapping control. The results were consistent; articulatory suppression impaired performance in comparison to the other conditions, which themselves did not differ. Experiment 4 examined the effects of postencoding verbalisation on performance, and showed some evidence for a standard verbal overshadowing effect. These results suggest that the role of verbal processing in face memory is complex, depending on the time when such processes occur. The results are discussed with reference to theories of verbal overshadowing.",
keywords = "multiple face, retention, stimuli, words, codes, video",
author = "Kazuyo Nakabayashi and Burton, {A. Mike}",
year = "2008",
month = "4",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/09541440801946174",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "478--496",
journal = "European Journal of Cognitive Psychology",
issn = "0954-1446",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of verbal processing at different stages of recognition memory for faces

AU - Nakabayashi, Kazuyo

AU - Burton, A. Mike

PY - 2008/4/2

Y1 - 2008/4/2

N2 - Four experiments examined the role of verbal processing at different stages of face recognition memory. In Experiment 1 participants learned faces with or without articulatory suppression, then engaged in an old/new recognition task. Using the same procedure, Experiment 2 examined performance under single and dual encoding conditions, using articulatory suppression and face verbalisation. In Experiment 3 performance deriving from these conditions was compared with a tapping control. The results were consistent; articulatory suppression impaired performance in comparison to the other conditions, which themselves did not differ. Experiment 4 examined the effects of postencoding verbalisation on performance, and showed some evidence for a standard verbal overshadowing effect. These results suggest that the role of verbal processing in face memory is complex, depending on the time when such processes occur. The results are discussed with reference to theories of verbal overshadowing.

AB - Four experiments examined the role of verbal processing at different stages of face recognition memory. In Experiment 1 participants learned faces with or without articulatory suppression, then engaged in an old/new recognition task. Using the same procedure, Experiment 2 examined performance under single and dual encoding conditions, using articulatory suppression and face verbalisation. In Experiment 3 performance deriving from these conditions was compared with a tapping control. The results were consistent; articulatory suppression impaired performance in comparison to the other conditions, which themselves did not differ. Experiment 4 examined the effects of postencoding verbalisation on performance, and showed some evidence for a standard verbal overshadowing effect. These results suggest that the role of verbal processing in face memory is complex, depending on the time when such processes occur. The results are discussed with reference to theories of verbal overshadowing.

KW - multiple face

KW - retention

KW - stimuli

KW - words

KW - codes

KW - video

U2 - 10.1080/09541440801946174

DO - 10.1080/09541440801946174

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 478

EP - 496

JO - European Journal of Cognitive Psychology

JF - European Journal of Cognitive Psychology

SN - 0954-1446

IS - 3

ER -