Much effort has been made to explain eye guidance during natural scene viewing. However, a substantial component of fixation placement appears to be a set of consistent biases in eye movement behaviour. We introduce the concept of saccadic flow, a generalisation of the central bias that describes the image-independent conditional probability of making a saccade to (xi+1, yi+1), given a fixation at (xi, yi). We suggest that saccadic flow can be a useful prior when carrying out analyses of fixation locations, and can be used as a sub-module in models of eye movements during scene viewing. We demonstrate the utility of this idea by presenting bias-weighted gaze landscapes, and show that there is a link between the likelihood of a saccade under the flow model, and the salience of the following fixation. We also present a minor improvement to our central bias model (based on using a multivariate truncated Gaussian), and investigate the leftwards and coarse-to-fine biases in scene viewing.
Clarke, A. D. F., Stainer, M. J., Tatler, B. W., & Hunt, A. R. (2017). The saccadic flow baseline: Accounting for image-independent biases in fixation behaviour. Journal of Vision, 17(11), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1167/17.11.12