The scope of the land-based sector to mitigate climate change in North-east Scotland: opportunities and challenges with particular reference to the role of forests

Bill Slee, Diana Feliciano, Maria Nijnik, Guillaume Pajot

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Abstract

This paper reviews the scope for the rural land use sector to support emissions reduction with particular reference to the role of forestry. A bottom-up approach is adopted to explore the relative contribution of different land-based activities in the region and explore the Scottish policy context and the scope for emissions reduction through new tree planting. It is concluded that the institutional architecture is incomplete, in that although the Rural Development Programme supports afforestation, informal institutions, especially farmer antipathy, militate against afforestation. Ground-truthing indicates scope for major efficiency gains in emissions reduction if tradable solutions are pursued. There is scope for policy enhancement and, if land use sector carbon emissions were offset against farm-produced renewable energy and carbon emissions were taxed, a significant flow of money from low ground farms to the disadvantaged hill areas would be likely, as these areas have the greatest potential with respect to climate change mitigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-292
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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afforestation
carbon emission
climate change
farm
land use
bottom-up approach
tree planting
rural development
forestry
energy
land
emission reduction
policy
climate change mitigation
land-based activity
programme

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper reviews the scope for the rural land use sector to support emissions reduction with particular reference to the role of forestry. A bottom-up approach is adopted to explore the relative contribution of different land-based activities in the region and explore the Scottish policy context and the scope for emissions reduction through new tree planting. It is concluded that the institutional architecture is incomplete, in that although the Rural Development Programme supports afforestation, informal institutions, especially farmer antipathy, militate against afforestation. Ground-truthing indicates scope for major efficiency gains in emissions reduction if tradable solutions are pursued. There is scope for policy enhancement and, if land use sector carbon emissions were offset against farm-produced renewable energy and carbon emissions were taxed, a significant flow of money from low ground farms to the disadvantaged hill areas would be likely, as these areas have the greatest potential with respect to climate change mitigation.",
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