"The sieidi is a better altar/the noaidi’s drum a purer church bell": long term changes and syncretism at Sámi offering sites

Tiina Äikäs, Anna Kaisa Salmi

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15 Citations (Scopus)


The changes in the Sámi ethnic religion practised by the indigenous people in northern Fennoscandia have often been described in terms of Christianization brought by Lutheran missions. The changes were, however, more long term and multifaceted. Archaeological excavations conducted at Sámi offering places have shown that the ethnic religion was never static, but the offering practices changed with time and in connection with changes in livelihood and society. In addition, syncretistic influences did not just derive from Christianity, but there were various agents and interplay among Christianity, the ethnic religion and contemporary neo-paganism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-82
Number of pages19
JournalWorld Archaeology
Issue number1
Early online date4 Feb 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013



  • Sieidi
  • Sami ethnic religion
  • Christianity
  • Finnish Lapland
  • syncretism
  • long-term change

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