The significance of soils and soil science towards realization of the United Nations sustainable development goals

Saskia D. Keesstra*, Johan Bouma, Jakob Wallinga, Pablo Tittonell, Pete Smith, Artemi Cerdà, Luca Montanarella, John N. Quinton, Yakov Pachepsky, Wim H. Van Der Putten, Richard D. Bardgett, Simon Moolenaar, Gerben Mol, Boris Jansen, Louise O. Fresco

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this forum paper we discuss how soil scientists can help to reach the recently adopted UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the most effective manner. Soil science, as a land-related discipline, has important links to several of the SDGs, which are demonstrated through the functions of soils and the ecosystem services that are linked to those functions (see graphical abstract in the Supplement).We explore and discuss how soil scientists can rise to the challenge both internally, in terms of our procedures and practices, and externally, in terms of our relations with colleague scientists in other disciplines, diverse groups of stakeholders and the policy arena. To meet these goals we recommend the following steps to be taken by the soil science community as a whole: (i) embrace the UN SDGs, as they provide a platform that allows soil science to demonstrate its relevance for realizing a sustainable society by 2030; (ii) show the specific value of soil science: research should explicitly show how using modern soil information can improve the results of inter-and transdisciplinary studies on SDGs related to food security, water scarcity, climate change, biodiversity loss and health threats; (iii) take leadership in overarching system analysis of ecosystems, as soils and soil scientists have an integrated nature and this places soil scientists in a unique position; (iii) raise awareness of soil organic matter as a key attribute of soils to illustrate its importance for soil functions and ecosystem services; (iv) improve the transfer of knowledge through knowledge brokers with a soil background; (v) start at the basis: educational programmes are needed at all levels, starting in primary schools, and emphasizing practical, down-to-earth examples; (vi) facilitate communication with the policy arena by framing research in terms that resonate with politicians in terms of the policy cycle or by considering drivers, pressures and responses affecting impacts of land use change; and finally (vii) all this is only possible if researchers, with soil scientists in the front lines, look over the hedge towards other disciplines, to the world at large and to the policy arena, reaching over to listen first, as a basis for genuine collaboration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-128
Number of pages18
JournalSOIL
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2016

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United Nations
soil science
sustainable development
soil
ecosystem service
ecosystem services
soil ecosystem
elementary schools
water shortages
systems analysis
leadership
food security
communication (human)
education programs
land use change
soil organic matter
stakeholders
stakeholder
communication
biodiversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

Cite this

Keesstra, S. D., Bouma, J., Wallinga, J., Tittonell, P., Smith, P., Cerdà, A., ... Fresco, L. O. (2016). The significance of soils and soil science towards realization of the United Nations sustainable development goals. SOIL, 2(2), 111-128. https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-2-111-2016

The significance of soils and soil science towards realization of the United Nations sustainable development goals. / Keesstra, Saskia D.; Bouma, Johan; Wallinga, Jakob; Tittonell, Pablo; Smith, Pete; Cerdà, Artemi; Montanarella, Luca; Quinton, John N.; Pachepsky, Yakov; Van Der Putten, Wim H.; Bardgett, Richard D.; Moolenaar, Simon; Mol, Gerben; Jansen, Boris; Fresco, Louise O.

In: SOIL, Vol. 2, No. 2, 07.04.2016, p. 111-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keesstra, SD, Bouma, J, Wallinga, J, Tittonell, P, Smith, P, Cerdà, A, Montanarella, L, Quinton, JN, Pachepsky, Y, Van Der Putten, WH, Bardgett, RD, Moolenaar, S, Mol, G, Jansen, B & Fresco, LO 2016, 'The significance of soils and soil science towards realization of the United Nations sustainable development goals', SOIL, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 111-128. https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-2-111-2016
Keesstra, Saskia D. ; Bouma, Johan ; Wallinga, Jakob ; Tittonell, Pablo ; Smith, Pete ; Cerdà, Artemi ; Montanarella, Luca ; Quinton, John N. ; Pachepsky, Yakov ; Van Der Putten, Wim H. ; Bardgett, Richard D. ; Moolenaar, Simon ; Mol, Gerben ; Jansen, Boris ; Fresco, Louise O. / The significance of soils and soil science towards realization of the United Nations sustainable development goals. In: SOIL. 2016 ; Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 111-128.
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