The structure and dynamics of the thin near-bed layer in a complex marine environment: a case study in Beatrix Bay, New Zealand.

Vladimir Ivanovich Nikora, D. Goring, A. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 1-3 cm thick near-bed layer at the interface between sea-water and the sea-bed was studied using two acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) deployments in Beatrix Bay (New Zealand), which relate to late autumn and early winter conditions. The data strongly support the multi-mechanism nature of the near-bed layer and show that the turbulent stresses and energy may be non-zero even at nearly zero or zero mean velocities. The turbulent fluctuations in the near-bed layer are highly intermittent and consist of two components: (1) low energy 'background' fluctuations; and (2) relatively rare high-energy events (HEE). The structure, dynamics, and influence of these components on bed erosion, particle aggregation and re-suspension are significantly different. Our results suggest that the revealed high-energy events are the main contributors to bed erosion and sediment re-suspension. The estimates of the local Reynolds number and other turbulence parameters show that HEE may change the near-bed flow regime from viscous or transitional at low-energy background conditions to fully turbulent during the high-energy events. Although the physical origin of HEE is not yet clear, most probably they are generated by intermittent highly-energetic internal waves or near-bed convective mixing, or both. These results provide a base for future research in this complex near-bed region. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-926
Number of pages11
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • benthic environment
  • sediment-water interface
  • turbulence
  • sediments
  • erosion
  • acoustic transducers
  • BOUNDARY-LAYER
  • TURBULENCE
  • SEDIMENT
  • FLUME
  • ADV

Cite this

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title = "The structure and dynamics of the thin near-bed layer in a complex marine environment: a case study in Beatrix Bay, New Zealand.",
abstract = "The 1-3 cm thick near-bed layer at the interface between sea-water and the sea-bed was studied using two acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) deployments in Beatrix Bay (New Zealand), which relate to late autumn and early winter conditions. The data strongly support the multi-mechanism nature of the near-bed layer and show that the turbulent stresses and energy may be non-zero even at nearly zero or zero mean velocities. The turbulent fluctuations in the near-bed layer are highly intermittent and consist of two components: (1) low energy 'background' fluctuations; and (2) relatively rare high-energy events (HEE). The structure, dynamics, and influence of these components on bed erosion, particle aggregation and re-suspension are significantly different. Our results suggest that the revealed high-energy events are the main contributors to bed erosion and sediment re-suspension. The estimates of the local Reynolds number and other turbulence parameters show that HEE may change the near-bed flow regime from viscous or transitional at low-energy background conditions to fully turbulent during the high-energy events. Although the physical origin of HEE is not yet clear, most probably they are generated by intermittent highly-energetic internal waves or near-bed convective mixing, or both. These results provide a base for future research in this complex near-bed region. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "benthic environment, sediment-water interface, turbulence, sediments, erosion, acoustic transducers, BOUNDARY-LAYER, TURBULENCE, SEDIMENT, FLUME, ADV",
author = "Nikora, {Vladimir Ivanovich} and D. Goring and A. Ross",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The structure and dynamics of the thin near-bed layer in a complex marine environment: a case study in Beatrix Bay, New Zealand.

AU - Nikora, Vladimir Ivanovich

AU - Goring, D.

AU - Ross, A.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - The 1-3 cm thick near-bed layer at the interface between sea-water and the sea-bed was studied using two acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) deployments in Beatrix Bay (New Zealand), which relate to late autumn and early winter conditions. The data strongly support the multi-mechanism nature of the near-bed layer and show that the turbulent stresses and energy may be non-zero even at nearly zero or zero mean velocities. The turbulent fluctuations in the near-bed layer are highly intermittent and consist of two components: (1) low energy 'background' fluctuations; and (2) relatively rare high-energy events (HEE). The structure, dynamics, and influence of these components on bed erosion, particle aggregation and re-suspension are significantly different. Our results suggest that the revealed high-energy events are the main contributors to bed erosion and sediment re-suspension. The estimates of the local Reynolds number and other turbulence parameters show that HEE may change the near-bed flow regime from viscous or transitional at low-energy background conditions to fully turbulent during the high-energy events. Although the physical origin of HEE is not yet clear, most probably they are generated by intermittent highly-energetic internal waves or near-bed convective mixing, or both. These results provide a base for future research in this complex near-bed region. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - The 1-3 cm thick near-bed layer at the interface between sea-water and the sea-bed was studied using two acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) deployments in Beatrix Bay (New Zealand), which relate to late autumn and early winter conditions. The data strongly support the multi-mechanism nature of the near-bed layer and show that the turbulent stresses and energy may be non-zero even at nearly zero or zero mean velocities. The turbulent fluctuations in the near-bed layer are highly intermittent and consist of two components: (1) low energy 'background' fluctuations; and (2) relatively rare high-energy events (HEE). The structure, dynamics, and influence of these components on bed erosion, particle aggregation and re-suspension are significantly different. Our results suggest that the revealed high-energy events are the main contributors to bed erosion and sediment re-suspension. The estimates of the local Reynolds number and other turbulence parameters show that HEE may change the near-bed flow regime from viscous or transitional at low-energy background conditions to fully turbulent during the high-energy events. Although the physical origin of HEE is not yet clear, most probably they are generated by intermittent highly-energetic internal waves or near-bed convective mixing, or both. These results provide a base for future research in this complex near-bed region. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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KW - sediment-water interface

KW - turbulence

KW - sediments

KW - erosion

KW - acoustic transducers

KW - BOUNDARY-LAYER

KW - TURBULENCE

KW - SEDIMENT

KW - FLUME

KW - ADV

U2 - 10.1006/ecss.2001.0865

DO - 10.1006/ecss.2001.0865

M3 - Article

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JO - Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science

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SN - 0272-7714

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ER -