The timing and causes of the final pre-settlement expansion of Betula pubescens in Iceland

Egill Erlendsson, Kevin J. Edwards

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Palynological data from southern and western Iceland show rising values for the pollen of Betula pubescens for the period AD 600-800. The increased values for B. pubescens probably stem from both improved flowering conditions and increased coverage and density of woodlands associated with short-lived climatic amelioration within a phase of longer-term harsh climate. The swift response to climate change in the palynological record and good correlation with comparative data from other proxies indicates that Icelandic palynology offers an important, yet largely underexploited, tool for the reconstruction of Icelandic Holocene environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083-1091
Number of pages9
JournalThe Holocene
Issue number7
Early online date23 Oct 2009
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009


  • Iceland
  • palynology
  • vegetation change
  • Betula pubescens
  • climate
  • dark age period
  • pollen accumulation rates
  • sea-surface temperatures
  • last 2000 years
  • North Iceland
  • pollen deposition
  • late holocene
  • shelf
  • variability
  • climate
  • record
  • landscape

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