The use of lexical and syntactic information in language production: Evidence from the priming of noun-phrase structure

Alexandra Alice Cleland, M. J. Pickering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

189 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Theories of lexical representation in production provide sophisticated accounts of the way in which information is activated during lexical access (e.g., Levelt, Roelofs, & Meyer, 1999), but there has been little attempt to account for the way in which the structure of the lexical entry affects the formulation processes that underlie the production of complex expressions. This paper first outlines such an account, and then reports three experiments that investigated the priming of noun-phrase structure in dialogue. Experiment 1 showed that speakers used a complex noun phrase containing a relative clause (e.g., "the square that's red") more often after hearing a syntactically similar noun phrase than after hearing a simple noun phrase, and that this effect was enhanced when the head noun ("square") was repeated. Experiment 2 showed an enhanced priming effect when prime and target contained semantically related nouns (e.g., "goat" and "sheep"). Experiment 3 showed no enhanced effect when prime and target bore a close phonological relationship (e.g., "ship" and "sheep"). These results provide support for our account, and suggest that syntactic encoding may be unaffected by phonological feedback. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-230
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

Keywords

  • PICTURE-WORD INTERFERENCE
  • SPREADING-ACTIVATION THEORY
  • SPOKEN SENTENCE PRODUCTION
  • SPEECH PRODUCTION
  • GRAMMATICAL GENDER
  • LEMMA RETRIEVAL
  • TIME-COURSE
  • ACCESS
  • PERSISTENCE
  • MODELS

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