The Vikings were not the first colonizers of the Faroe Islands

Mike J. Church, Símun V. Arge, Kevin J. Edwards, Philippa L. Ascough, Julie M. Bond, Gordon T. Cook, Steve J. Dockrill, Andrew J. Dugmore, Thomas H. McGovern, Claire Nesbitt, Ian A. Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the earliest archaeological evidence from the Faroe Islands, placing human colonization in the 4th-6th centuries AD, at least 300-500 years earlier than previously demonstrated archaeologically. The evidence consists of an extensive wind-blown sand deposit containing patches of burnt peat ash of anthropogenic origin. Samples of carbonised barley grains from two of these ash patches produced 14C dates of two pre-Viking phases within the 4th-6th and late 6th-8th centuries AD. A re-evaluation is required of the nature, scale and timing of the human colonization of the Faroes and the wider North Atlantic region.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-232
Number of pages5
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume77
Early online date17 Jul 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013

Fingerprint

Faroe Islands
colonization
ash
archaeological evidence
barley
peat
agricultural product
evidence
sand
evaluation
sampling
Viking
Ash
Human Colonization
Evaluation
Barley
14C Dates
Archaeological Evidence
North Atlantic
Peat

Keywords

  • Faroe Islands
  • earliest settlement
  • Vikings
  • 14C dating

Cite this

Church, M. J., Arge, S. V., Edwards, K. J., Ascough, P. L., Bond, J. M., Cook, G. T., ... Simpson, I. A. (2013). The Vikings were not the first colonizers of the Faroe Islands. Quaternary Science Reviews, 77, 228-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.06.011

The Vikings were not the first colonizers of the Faroe Islands. / Church, Mike J.; Arge, Símun V.; Edwards, Kevin J.; Ascough, Philippa L.; Bond, Julie M.; Cook, Gordon T.; Dockrill, Steve J.; Dugmore, Andrew J.; McGovern, Thomas H. ; Nesbitt, Claire; Simpson, Ian A.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 77, 01.10.2013, p. 228-232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Church, MJ, Arge, SV, Edwards, KJ, Ascough, PL, Bond, JM, Cook, GT, Dockrill, SJ, Dugmore, AJ, McGovern, TH, Nesbitt, C & Simpson, IA 2013, 'The Vikings were not the first colonizers of the Faroe Islands', Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 77, pp. 228-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.06.011
Church, Mike J. ; Arge, Símun V. ; Edwards, Kevin J. ; Ascough, Philippa L. ; Bond, Julie M. ; Cook, Gordon T. ; Dockrill, Steve J. ; Dugmore, Andrew J. ; McGovern, Thomas H. ; Nesbitt, Claire ; Simpson, Ian A. / The Vikings were not the first colonizers of the Faroe Islands. In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2013 ; Vol. 77. pp. 228-232.
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