Theory of Mind and Executive Functioning Following Stroke

Jackie Hamilton, Bogna Radlak, Paul G Morris, Louise H Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Cognitive deficits following stroke are well documented, but less is known about problems with social skills such as understanding others' thoughts and feelings. This study investigated the effect of stroke on a visual-affective measure of social understanding: the Reading the Mind in the Eyes test (RMET). The aims were to investigate whether right hemisphere stroke was particularly detrimental to this aspect of Theory of Mind (ToM), and investigate the relationship between ToM ability and executive function following stroke.

Methods: Performance of stroke patients (right hemisphere stroke, n = 15; left hemisphere stroke, n = 15) was compared to that of controls (n = 40) matched for age, years of education, and IQ on tasks measuring ToM and executive functioning.

Results: Right hemisphere stroke was associated with impaired ToM ability, but left hemisphere stroke was not. There was no effect of stroke on a matched non-ToM control task. High correlations were found between performance on the RMET and some measures of executive functioning in participants with right hemisphere stroke only. Further analyses suggested that deficits in executive functioning could not statistically explain all of the difficulties shown by stroke participants on the RMET.

Conclusions: A reduction in the ability to attribute mental states to others following right hemisphere stroke may adversely affect psychosocial functioning, disrupt interpersonal relationships, and lead to reduced quality of life. The clinical importance of these findings, implications for clinical practice and future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-518
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Issue number5
Early online date27 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Stroke
  • Theory of mind
  • Executive functioning
  • Social cognition


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