Tissue-specific abolition of Per1 expression in the pars tuberalis by pinealectomy in the Syrian hamster

S Messager, M L Garabette, M H Hastings, D G Hazlerigg

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92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Melatonin secretion by the pineal gland transduces photoperiod into a neuroendocrine signal. In the pars tuberalis (PT), we have shown that photoperiod modifies the amplitude of the clock gene Perl. The aim of this study was to test whether the endogenous melatonin signal is required for rhythmic expression of Perl in the PT. Male Syrian hamsters housed in long days (LD, 16:8 h light:dark) were pinealectomized and Perl mRNA expression studied by in situ hybridization. Pinealectomy abolished the rhythm of Perl expression in the PT, but had no effect on Perl expression in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), or the ventromedial nucleus (VMH) of the hypothalamus. Interestingly, a single night-time injection of melatonin (25 mug) given to pinealectomized animals, failed to restore Perl expression in the PT. These data demonstrate that Perl expression in the PT is driven by melatonin, and that the features of the endogenous signal through which the Perl expression is achieved cannot be reproduced by a single melatonin injection. NeuroReport 12:579-582 (C) 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-582
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroreport
Volume12
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • circadian rhythms
  • clock gene
  • melatonin
  • pars tuberalis
  • Per1
  • photoperiodism
  • suprachiasmatic nucleus
  • Syrian hamster
  • IODOMELATONIN-BINDING-SITES
  • SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS
  • SIBERIAN HAMSTER
  • CIRCADIAN CLOCK
  • PHOTOPERIODIC REGULATION
  • MELATONIN
  • TIME
  • GENE
  • ICER

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