Toftanes: The paleoecology of a Faroese landnam farm

K Vickers, J Bending, P C Buckland, Kevin John Edwards, S S Hansen, G Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the first time in the Faroe Islands, the paleoecological content of an early Norse farm has been sampled comprehensively in an effort to understand how it functioned and its relationship to the landscape in which it was located. Organic deposits indicate an increase in species diversity at the time of settlement, including the introduction of several new species. Plant resources from various areas of the treeless landscape were exploited and farm buildings contained suites of synanthropic insects dominated by those associated with accumulations of decaying plant debris. Potential fuels included wood, peat, dung, and seaweed. Insect faunas lacked both ectoparasites and a significant foul beetle component. This may be a reflection of animal husbandry, with stock not being stalled over winter in the farm buildings examined, or an absence of wool- processing in the buildings. Results compare well with other sites in the North Atlantic and argue for the consistent nature of the Norse farming economy across the region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)685-710
Number of pages26
JournalHuman Ecology
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Norse
  • Faroe Islands
  • North Atlantic
  • paleoecology
  • agriculture
  • SETTLEMENT
  • ICELAND
  • ENVIRONMENT
  • ISLANDS

Cite this

Vickers, K., Bending, J., Buckland, P. C., Edwards, K. J., Hansen, S. S., & Cook, G. (2005). Toftanes: The paleoecology of a Faroese landnam farm. Human Ecology, 33, 685-710. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-005-4744-2

Toftanes: The paleoecology of a Faroese landnam farm. / Vickers, K ; Bending, J ; Buckland, P C ; Edwards, Kevin John; Hansen, S S ; Cook, G .

In: Human Ecology, Vol. 33, 2005, p. 685-710.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vickers, K, Bending, J, Buckland, PC, Edwards, KJ, Hansen, SS & Cook, G 2005, 'Toftanes: The paleoecology of a Faroese landnam farm', Human Ecology, vol. 33, pp. 685-710. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-005-4744-2
Vickers, K ; Bending, J ; Buckland, P C ; Edwards, Kevin John ; Hansen, S S ; Cook, G . / Toftanes: The paleoecology of a Faroese landnam farm. In: Human Ecology. 2005 ; Vol. 33. pp. 685-710.
@article{7684c7cc0c58451e870415f9788a2cf6,
title = "Toftanes: The paleoecology of a Faroese landnam farm",
abstract = "For the first time in the Faroe Islands, the paleoecological content of an early Norse farm has been sampled comprehensively in an effort to understand how it functioned and its relationship to the landscape in which it was located. Organic deposits indicate an increase in species diversity at the time of settlement, including the introduction of several new species. Plant resources from various areas of the treeless landscape were exploited and farm buildings contained suites of synanthropic insects dominated by those associated with accumulations of decaying plant debris. Potential fuels included wood, peat, dung, and seaweed. Insect faunas lacked both ectoparasites and a significant foul beetle component. This may be a reflection of animal husbandry, with stock not being stalled over winter in the farm buildings examined, or an absence of wool- processing in the buildings. Results compare well with other sites in the North Atlantic and argue for the consistent nature of the Norse farming economy across the region.",
keywords = "Norse, Faroe Islands, North Atlantic, paleoecology, agriculture, SETTLEMENT, ICELAND, ENVIRONMENT, ISLANDS",
author = "K Vickers and J Bending and Buckland, {P C} and Edwards, {Kevin John} and Hansen, {S S} and G Cook",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1007/s10745-005-4744-2",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "685--710",
journal = "Human Ecology",
issn = "0300-7839",
publisher = "Springer Science + Business Media",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Toftanes: The paleoecology of a Faroese landnam farm

AU - Vickers, K

AU - Bending, J

AU - Buckland, P C

AU - Edwards, Kevin John

AU - Hansen, S S

AU - Cook, G

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - For the first time in the Faroe Islands, the paleoecological content of an early Norse farm has been sampled comprehensively in an effort to understand how it functioned and its relationship to the landscape in which it was located. Organic deposits indicate an increase in species diversity at the time of settlement, including the introduction of several new species. Plant resources from various areas of the treeless landscape were exploited and farm buildings contained suites of synanthropic insects dominated by those associated with accumulations of decaying plant debris. Potential fuels included wood, peat, dung, and seaweed. Insect faunas lacked both ectoparasites and a significant foul beetle component. This may be a reflection of animal husbandry, with stock not being stalled over winter in the farm buildings examined, or an absence of wool- processing in the buildings. Results compare well with other sites in the North Atlantic and argue for the consistent nature of the Norse farming economy across the region.

AB - For the first time in the Faroe Islands, the paleoecological content of an early Norse farm has been sampled comprehensively in an effort to understand how it functioned and its relationship to the landscape in which it was located. Organic deposits indicate an increase in species diversity at the time of settlement, including the introduction of several new species. Plant resources from various areas of the treeless landscape were exploited and farm buildings contained suites of synanthropic insects dominated by those associated with accumulations of decaying plant debris. Potential fuels included wood, peat, dung, and seaweed. Insect faunas lacked both ectoparasites and a significant foul beetle component. This may be a reflection of animal husbandry, with stock not being stalled over winter in the farm buildings examined, or an absence of wool- processing in the buildings. Results compare well with other sites in the North Atlantic and argue for the consistent nature of the Norse farming economy across the region.

KW - Norse

KW - Faroe Islands

KW - North Atlantic

KW - paleoecology

KW - agriculture

KW - SETTLEMENT

KW - ICELAND

KW - ENVIRONMENT

KW - ISLANDS

U2 - 10.1007/s10745-005-4744-2

DO - 10.1007/s10745-005-4744-2

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 685

EP - 710

JO - Human Ecology

JF - Human Ecology

SN - 0300-7839

ER -