Traffic-driven epidemic spreading in correlated networks

Han-Xin Yang, Ming Tang, Ying-Cheng Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spite of the extensive previous efforts on traffic dynamics and epidemic spreading in complex networks, the problem of traffic-driven epidemic spreading on correlated networks has not been addressed. Interestingly, we find that the epidemic threshold, a fundamental quantity underlying the spreading dynamics, exhibits a nonmonotonic behavior in that it can be minimized for some critical value of the assortativity coefficient, a parameter characterizing the network correlation. To understand this phenomenon, we use the degree-based mean-field theory to calculate the traffic-driven epidemic threshold for correlated networks. The theory predicts that the threshold is inversely proportional to the packet-generation rate and the largest eigenvalue of the betweenness matrix. We obtain consistency between theory and numerics. Our results may provide insights into the important problem of controlling and/or harnessing real-world epidemic spreading dynamics driven by traffic flows.
Original languageEnglish
Article number062817
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics
Volume91
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Traffic driven epidemic spreading
  • correlated networks
  • meanfield theory
  • traffic flows

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