Trans-Dichloridopalladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes with 2-(hydroxymethyl)pyridine and 2-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyridine: Synthesis, structural characterization, DNA binding and in vitro cytotoxicity studies

Ceyda Icsel, Veysel T. Yilmaz*, Ferda Ari, Engin Ulukaya, William T. A. Harrison

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Four trans-palladium(II)- and trans-platinum(II)-chlorido complexes, trans-[PdCl2(2-hmpy)2] (1), trans-[PtCl 2(2-hmpy)2] (2), trans-[PdCl2(2-hepy) 2] (3) and trans-[PtCl2(2-hepy)2] (4) (2-hmpy = 2-(hydroxymethyl)pyridine and 2-hepy = 2-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyridine), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, NMR, and X-ray diffraction. The binding properties of these complexes with fish sperm DNA (FS-DNA) were investigated by UV titration, viscosity, thermal denaturation and electrophoresis measurements. The complexes can bind to FS-DNA and complex 4 exhibits the highest binding constant. Gel electrophoresis assay demonstrates that all the complexes can cleave the pCMV-βgal plasmid DNA to a different degree. The cytotoxic activities of the complexes were tested against four different cancer cell lines. In general, the platinum(II) complexes are more effective than the isostructural palladium(II) complexes. Complex 4 shows high anticancer activity, compared to transplatin, cisplatin, carboplatin and oxaliplatin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-394
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Early online date8 Dec 2012
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013



  • 2-(2-Hydroxyethyl) pyridine
  • 2-(Hydroxymethyl)pyridine
  • Cytotoxic activity
  • DNA binding
  • Transplatinum complexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology

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