Travel Demand Management Targeting Reduced Private Car Use

Effectiveness, Public Acceptability and Political Feasibility

Tommy Gärling, Geertje Schuitema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

156 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The private car is fast, comfortable, and convenient. However, worldwide massive car use causes serious environmental problems. Although breakthroughs in clean automobile technology may be under way, reducing car use seems necessary in order to achieve a sustainable transportation system. Several travel demand management (TDM) measures have therefore been proposed and some have been implemented with this aim. The article reviews research addressing the question of how effective, acceptable to the public, and politically feasible such measures are. The conclusion is that noncoercive TDM measures alone are unlikely to be effective in reducing car use. Therefore, coercive TDM measures such as increasing cost for or prohibiting car use may be necessary but are difficult to implement because of public opposition and political infeasibility. If combined with noncoercive TDM measures providing attractive travel alternatives and communicating the benefits of car-use reduction to the public, coercive TDM measures are likely to become more effective, acceptable, and politically feasible.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-153
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Social Issues
Volume63
Issue number1
Early online date16 Feb 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

Fingerprint

demand management
travel
transportation system
motor vehicle
environmental impact
opposition
cause
costs

Cite this

Travel Demand Management Targeting Reduced Private Car Use : Effectiveness, Public Acceptability and Political Feasibility. / Gärling, Tommy; Schuitema, Geertje.

In: Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 63, No. 1, 03.2007, p. 139-153.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2a670188a38649b3b22da8bd87adc742,
title = "Travel Demand Management Targeting Reduced Private Car Use: Effectiveness, Public Acceptability and Political Feasibility",
abstract = "The private car is fast, comfortable, and convenient. However, worldwide massive car use causes serious environmental problems. Although breakthroughs in clean automobile technology may be under way, reducing car use seems necessary in order to achieve a sustainable transportation system. Several travel demand management (TDM) measures have therefore been proposed and some have been implemented with this aim. The article reviews research addressing the question of how effective, acceptable to the public, and politically feasible such measures are. The conclusion is that noncoercive TDM measures alone are unlikely to be effective in reducing car use. Therefore, coercive TDM measures such as increasing cost for or prohibiting car use may be necessary but are difficult to implement because of public opposition and political infeasibility. If combined with noncoercive TDM measures providing attractive travel alternatives and communicating the benefits of car-use reduction to the public, coercive TDM measures are likely to become more effective, acceptable, and politically feasible.",
author = "Tommy G{\"a}rling and Geertje Schuitema",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/j.1540-4560.2007.00500.x",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "139--153",
journal = "Journal of Social Issues",
issn = "0022-4537",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Travel Demand Management Targeting Reduced Private Car Use

T2 - Effectiveness, Public Acceptability and Political Feasibility

AU - Gärling, Tommy

AU - Schuitema, Geertje

PY - 2007/3

Y1 - 2007/3

N2 - The private car is fast, comfortable, and convenient. However, worldwide massive car use causes serious environmental problems. Although breakthroughs in clean automobile technology may be under way, reducing car use seems necessary in order to achieve a sustainable transportation system. Several travel demand management (TDM) measures have therefore been proposed and some have been implemented with this aim. The article reviews research addressing the question of how effective, acceptable to the public, and politically feasible such measures are. The conclusion is that noncoercive TDM measures alone are unlikely to be effective in reducing car use. Therefore, coercive TDM measures such as increasing cost for or prohibiting car use may be necessary but are difficult to implement because of public opposition and political infeasibility. If combined with noncoercive TDM measures providing attractive travel alternatives and communicating the benefits of car-use reduction to the public, coercive TDM measures are likely to become more effective, acceptable, and politically feasible.

AB - The private car is fast, comfortable, and convenient. However, worldwide massive car use causes serious environmental problems. Although breakthroughs in clean automobile technology may be under way, reducing car use seems necessary in order to achieve a sustainable transportation system. Several travel demand management (TDM) measures have therefore been proposed and some have been implemented with this aim. The article reviews research addressing the question of how effective, acceptable to the public, and politically feasible such measures are. The conclusion is that noncoercive TDM measures alone are unlikely to be effective in reducing car use. Therefore, coercive TDM measures such as increasing cost for or prohibiting car use may be necessary but are difficult to implement because of public opposition and political infeasibility. If combined with noncoercive TDM measures providing attractive travel alternatives and communicating the benefits of car-use reduction to the public, coercive TDM measures are likely to become more effective, acceptable, and politically feasible.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2007.00500.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2007.00500.x

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 139

EP - 153

JO - Journal of Social Issues

JF - Journal of Social Issues

SN - 0022-4537

IS - 1

ER -