Endometrial polyps, submucous fibroids, uterine septa, and intrauterine adhesions can be found by ultrasound (US), HSG, hysteroscopy, or any combined in 10-15 % of infertile women. Observational studies suggest a better reproductive outcome when these anomalies are removed by operative hysteroscopy. The current Cochrane review assesses the effectiveness of hysteroscopy for treating these suspected anomalies in women with otherwise unexplained infertility or prior to intrauterine insemination, in vitro fertilization, or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
- Randomized controlled trial
- Uterine cavity abnormalities