BACKGROUND: Despite low-quality and conflicting evidence, the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland recommends the routine use of antibiotics in the treatment of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis. Recent studies have shown that treatment without antibiotics did not prolong recovery. Some new guidelines currently recommend selective use of antibiotics.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the safety, effectiveness, and outcomes in treating uncomplicated acute diverticulitis without antibiotics with treatment with antibiotics.
DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Clinicaltrials.gov, and the Cochrane Library were searched with the key words antibiotics and diverticulitis.
STUDY SELECTION: All studies published in English on treating uncomplicated acute diverticulitis without antibiotics and containing >20 individuals were included.
INTERVENTION: Treatment without antibiotics versus treatment with antibiotics were compared.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the percentage of patients requiring additional treatment or intervention to settle during the initial episode. The secondary outcomes were duration of hospital stay, rate of readmission or deferred admission, need for surgical or radiological intervention, recurrence, and complication.
RESULTS: Search yielded 1164 studies. Nine studies were eligible and included in the meta-analysis, composed of 2505 patients, including 1663 treated without antibiotics and 842 treated with an antibiotic. The no-antibiotics group had a significantly shorter hospital stay (mean difference = -0.68; p = 0.04). There was no significant difference in the percentage of patients requiring additional treatment or intervention to settle during the initial episode (5.3% vs 3.6%; risk ratio = 1.48; p = 0.28), rate of readmission or deferred admission (risk ratio = 1.17; p = 0.26), need for surgical or radiological intervention (risk ratio = 0.61; p = 0.34), recurrence (risk ratio = 0.83; p = 0.21), and complications (risk ratio = 0.70-1.18; p = 0.67-0.91).
LIMITATIONS: Only a limited number of studies were available, and they were of variable qualities.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis without antibiotics is associated with a significantly shorter hospital stay. There is no significant difference in the percentage of patients requiring additional treatment or intervention to settle in the initial episode, rate of readmission or deferred admission, need for surgical or radiological intervention, recurrence, or complications.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Diseases of the Colon & Rectum|
|Early online date||17 Jan 2019|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2019|
|Event||Meeting of European Society of Coloproctology - Nice, France|
Duration: 26 Sep 2018 → 28 Sep 2018
- colorectal surgery
- conservative management