Twelve- to thirteen-year-old boys are more resistant to low-frequency fatigue than young men

V. Streckis, A. Skurvydas, Aivaras Ratkevicius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare low-frequency fatigue (LFF) after 100 drop jumps in boys (age = 12.7 +/- 0.7 years, mean SD) and men (age = 25.6 +/- 1.7 years). The force-generating-capacity test (FGCT) of knee extensor muscles was performed before the exercise, as well as 3 and 20 min after the exercise. Before exercise, men were stronger than boys, but twitch time characteristics did not differ between the groups. The 20:50 Hz torque ratio was similar in boys and men as well (0.71 +/- 0.08 and 0.73 +/- 0.08, respectively). After exercise, at 20 min of recovery, the 20:50 Hz ratio was depressed to 48.9 +/- 11.6% of initial in men and 74.5 +/- 10.0% of initial in boys (p <.05). There was no significant difference between boys and men in ground-reaction forces of drop jumps when the values were normalized to body mass. It is argued that intrinsic differences in the muscle-tendon complex are responsible for less severe LFF in boys compared with men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-409
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric Exercise Science
Volume17
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • HUMAN SKELETAL-MUSCLE
  • SHORTENING CYCLE EXERCISE
  • ELASTIC ENERGY
  • LONG DURATION
  • MOTOR UNITS
  • FORCE
  • JUMP
  • CONTRACTIONS
  • STIMULATION
  • VOLUNTARY

Cite this

Twelve- to thirteen-year-old boys are more resistant to low-frequency fatigue than young men. / Streckis, V.; Skurvydas, A.; Ratkevicius, Aivaras.

In: Pediatric Exercise Science, Vol. 17, 2005, p. 399-409.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Streckis, V. ; Skurvydas, A. ; Ratkevicius, Aivaras. / Twelve- to thirteen-year-old boys are more resistant to low-frequency fatigue than young men. In: Pediatric Exercise Science. 2005 ; Vol. 17. pp. 399-409.
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AU - Streckis, V.

AU - Skurvydas, A.

AU - Ratkevicius, Aivaras

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N2 - The aim of this study was to compare low-frequency fatigue (LFF) after 100 drop jumps in boys (age = 12.7 +/- 0.7 years, mean SD) and men (age = 25.6 +/- 1.7 years). The force-generating-capacity test (FGCT) of knee extensor muscles was performed before the exercise, as well as 3 and 20 min after the exercise. Before exercise, men were stronger than boys, but twitch time characteristics did not differ between the groups. The 20:50 Hz torque ratio was similar in boys and men as well (0.71 +/- 0.08 and 0.73 +/- 0.08, respectively). After exercise, at 20 min of recovery, the 20:50 Hz ratio was depressed to 48.9 +/- 11.6% of initial in men and 74.5 +/- 10.0% of initial in boys (p <.05). There was no significant difference between boys and men in ground-reaction forces of drop jumps when the values were normalized to body mass. It is argued that intrinsic differences in the muscle-tendon complex are responsible for less severe LFF in boys compared with men.

AB - The aim of this study was to compare low-frequency fatigue (LFF) after 100 drop jumps in boys (age = 12.7 +/- 0.7 years, mean SD) and men (age = 25.6 +/- 1.7 years). The force-generating-capacity test (FGCT) of knee extensor muscles was performed before the exercise, as well as 3 and 20 min after the exercise. Before exercise, men were stronger than boys, but twitch time characteristics did not differ between the groups. The 20:50 Hz torque ratio was similar in boys and men as well (0.71 +/- 0.08 and 0.73 +/- 0.08, respectively). After exercise, at 20 min of recovery, the 20:50 Hz ratio was depressed to 48.9 +/- 11.6% of initial in men and 74.5 +/- 10.0% of initial in boys (p <.05). There was no significant difference between boys and men in ground-reaction forces of drop jumps when the values were normalized to body mass. It is argued that intrinsic differences in the muscle-tendon complex are responsible for less severe LFF in boys compared with men.

KW - HUMAN SKELETAL-MUSCLE

KW - SHORTENING CYCLE EXERCISE

KW - ELASTIC ENERGY

KW - LONG DURATION

KW - MOTOR UNITS

KW - FORCE

KW - JUMP

KW - CONTRACTIONS

KW - STIMULATION

KW - VOLUNTARY

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JO - Pediatric Exercise Science

JF - Pediatric Exercise Science

SN - 0899-8493

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