Two alternative models of health behaviour and recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury: A prospective study

Gerard J Molloy, Falko Sniehotta, Marie Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cognitions influence recovery from activity limitations. In this study we aimed to independently test, compare and combine the common sense self-regulation model (CS-SRM) and social cognitive theory (SCT) in predicting recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury. Measures were gathered at two time points 5-6 weeks apart. The sample consisted of 146 university students (Mean age: 21.86, SD: 4.83, 62% female) with a heterogeneous range of injuries that limited their participation in physical activity. The dependent variable was recovery from activity limitations (Physical Functioning - Short Form-36). The predictor variables were measured using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and SCT items designed according to theoretical recommendations. Time-line (TL) and self-efficacy (SE) were significant predictors of recovery in a multivariate analysis, controlling for reported pain at Time 1. A combined model including the best predictors from both models, TL (ß = -0.25, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.17, p < 0.01) and SE (ß =0.31, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.05, p < 0.05), accounted for a significant amount of the variance in recovery from activity limitations. A combination of key variables from both models may be particularly useful for understanding the cognitive factors that influence recovery from activity limitations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-285
Number of pages15
JournalPsychology & Health
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2009

Fingerprint

Health Behavior
Prospective Studies
Wounds and Injuries
Self Efficacy
Exercise
Cognition
Multivariate Analysis
Students
Pain
Social Theory

Keywords

  • illness perceptions
  • social cognitive behaviour
  • rehabilitation
  • recovery

Cite this

Two alternative models of health behaviour and recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury : A prospective study. / Molloy, Gerard J; Sniehotta, Falko; Johnston, Marie.

In: Psychology & Health, Vol. 24, No. 3, 04.03.2009, p. 271-285.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d2a5c04cfa3448caae69cf45142a7da1,
title = "Two alternative models of health behaviour and recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury: A prospective study",
abstract = "Cognitions influence recovery from activity limitations. In this study we aimed to independently test, compare and combine the common sense self-regulation model (CS-SRM) and social cognitive theory (SCT) in predicting recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury. Measures were gathered at two time points 5-6 weeks apart. The sample consisted of 146 university students (Mean age: 21.86, SD: 4.83, 62{\%} female) with a heterogeneous range of injuries that limited their participation in physical activity. The dependent variable was recovery from activity limitations (Physical Functioning - Short Form-36). The predictor variables were measured using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and SCT items designed according to theoretical recommendations. Time-line (TL) and self-efficacy (SE) were significant predictors of recovery in a multivariate analysis, controlling for reported pain at Time 1. A combined model including the best predictors from both models, TL ({\ss} = -0.25, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.17, p < 0.01) and SE ({\ss} =0.31, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.05, p < 0.05), accounted for a significant amount of the variance in recovery from activity limitations. A combination of key variables from both models may be particularly useful for understanding the cognitive factors that influence recovery from activity limitations.",
keywords = "illness perceptions, social cognitive behaviour, rehabilitation, recovery",
author = "Molloy, {Gerard J} and Falko Sniehotta and Marie Johnston",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1080/08870440701684548",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "271--285",
journal = "Psychology & Health",
issn = "0887-0446",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Two alternative models of health behaviour and recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury

T2 - A prospective study

AU - Molloy, Gerard J

AU - Sniehotta, Falko

AU - Johnston, Marie

PY - 2009/3/4

Y1 - 2009/3/4

N2 - Cognitions influence recovery from activity limitations. In this study we aimed to independently test, compare and combine the common sense self-regulation model (CS-SRM) and social cognitive theory (SCT) in predicting recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury. Measures were gathered at two time points 5-6 weeks apart. The sample consisted of 146 university students (Mean age: 21.86, SD: 4.83, 62% female) with a heterogeneous range of injuries that limited their participation in physical activity. The dependent variable was recovery from activity limitations (Physical Functioning - Short Form-36). The predictor variables were measured using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and SCT items designed according to theoretical recommendations. Time-line (TL) and self-efficacy (SE) were significant predictors of recovery in a multivariate analysis, controlling for reported pain at Time 1. A combined model including the best predictors from both models, TL (ß = -0.25, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.17, p < 0.01) and SE (ß =0.31, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.05, p < 0.05), accounted for a significant amount of the variance in recovery from activity limitations. A combination of key variables from both models may be particularly useful for understanding the cognitive factors that influence recovery from activity limitations.

AB - Cognitions influence recovery from activity limitations. In this study we aimed to independently test, compare and combine the common sense self-regulation model (CS-SRM) and social cognitive theory (SCT) in predicting recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury. Measures were gathered at two time points 5-6 weeks apart. The sample consisted of 146 university students (Mean age: 21.86, SD: 4.83, 62% female) with a heterogeneous range of injuries that limited their participation in physical activity. The dependent variable was recovery from activity limitations (Physical Functioning - Short Form-36). The predictor variables were measured using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and SCT items designed according to theoretical recommendations. Time-line (TL) and self-efficacy (SE) were significant predictors of recovery in a multivariate analysis, controlling for reported pain at Time 1. A combined model including the best predictors from both models, TL (ß = -0.25, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.17, p < 0.01) and SE (ß =0.31, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.05, p < 0.05), accounted for a significant amount of the variance in recovery from activity limitations. A combination of key variables from both models may be particularly useful for understanding the cognitive factors that influence recovery from activity limitations.

KW - illness perceptions

KW - social cognitive behaviour

KW - rehabilitation

KW - recovery

U2 - 10.1080/08870440701684548

DO - 10.1080/08870440701684548

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 271

EP - 285

JO - Psychology & Health

JF - Psychology & Health

SN - 0887-0446

IS - 3

ER -