Type I-interferon signalling in fish

Bertrand Collet, Christopher John Secombes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Type I interferon (IFN) signalling uses a dual mechanism of action. A Jak-Stat pathway extensively described in mammals involves a cascade of reactions from the interaction of the IFN molecule with its membrane receptor to the stimulation of IFN-induced gene promoters leading in turn to an antiviral state. Regulation of IFN activity is also mediated by two DNA-binding transcription factors called interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-1 and -2, that respectively stimulate and repress the promoter of IFN-induced genes. By gene walking with trout genomic DNA the regulatory sequence of the IRF-1 gene was cloned and sequenced. Sequence analysis showed that this 1 Kb 5' flanking region has a structure which is typical for an IFN-induced gene promoter. It contains a TATA box between -28 to -31, and a NFkappaB site between -41 and -52. No complete interferon stimulatory response element (ISRE) could be found, but ten GAAA motifs, which are characteristic of IFN-induced gene promoters, were found. In rainbow trout gonad (RTG) cells, IRF-1 is expressed constitutively and up-regulated by poly I:C but not by LPS. Transient transfections of RTG cells with a reporter construct based on the luciferase gene show that the IRF1 5' flanking region described above, is sufficient to allow the expression of luciferase and is capable of induction by dsRNA (poly I:C). (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-397
Number of pages8
JournalFish & Shellfish Immunology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • rainbow trout
  • IRF-1 promoter
  • IFN
  • RTG
  • luciferase
  • HEMORRHAGIC SEPTICEMIA VIRUS
  • REGULATORY FACTOR
  • RAINBOW-TROUT
  • TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS
  • FUNCTIONAL-ANALYSIS
  • MOLECULAR-CLONING
  • GENE
  • PROMOTER
  • PROTEINS
  • FAMILY

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