Unemployed, uneducated and sick

the effects of socioeconomic status on health duration in the European Union

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We employ a hazard function approach to estimate the effect of socio-economic and individual characteristics on the length of time that an individual remains in good health. The European Community Household Panel data set, for 13 European countries, for the years 1994-2002 is used. The study employs a relatively objective measure of physical health, the physical and mental health problems, illnesses and disabilities measure. The results show that socio-economic status does affect the likelihood of individuals entering bad health. In particular, unemployment experience increases and educational attainment decreases the probability that a person will cease to enjoy good health. Income effects are, however, somewhat weaker, being confined to a small number of countries and being mainly observed only for the highest income quartile. Age and gender effects are also found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)939-952
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A, (Statistics in Society)
Volume171
Issue number4
Early online date20 Sep 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • education
  • health duration
  • unemployment
  • self-rated health
  • income inequality
  • regression-analysis
  • mental-health
  • mortality
  • unhappiness
  • hardship
  • gender
  • models
  • impact

Cite this

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title = "Unemployed, uneducated and sick: the effects of socioeconomic status on health duration in the European Union",
abstract = "We employ a hazard function approach to estimate the effect of socio-economic and individual characteristics on the length of time that an individual remains in good health. The European Community Household Panel data set, for 13 European countries, for the years 1994-2002 is used. The study employs a relatively objective measure of physical health, the physical and mental health problems, illnesses and disabilities measure. The results show that socio-economic status does affect the likelihood of individuals entering bad health. In particular, unemployment experience increases and educational attainment decreases the probability that a person will cease to enjoy good health. Income effects are, however, somewhat weaker, being confined to a small number of countries and being mainly observed only for the highest income quartile. Age and gender effects are also found.",
keywords = "education, health duration, unemployment, self-rated health, income inequality, regression-analysis, mental-health, mortality, unhappiness, hardship, gender, models, impact",
author = "D. Cooper and McCausland, {W. D.} and I. Theodossiou",
year = "2008",
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doi = "10.1111/j.1467-985X.2008.00541.x",
language = "English",
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journal = "Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A, (Statistics in Society)",
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number = "4",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Unemployed, uneducated and sick

T2 - the effects of socioeconomic status on health duration in the European Union

AU - Cooper, D.

AU - McCausland, W. D.

AU - Theodossiou, I.

PY - 2008/10

Y1 - 2008/10

N2 - We employ a hazard function approach to estimate the effect of socio-economic and individual characteristics on the length of time that an individual remains in good health. The European Community Household Panel data set, for 13 European countries, for the years 1994-2002 is used. The study employs a relatively objective measure of physical health, the physical and mental health problems, illnesses and disabilities measure. The results show that socio-economic status does affect the likelihood of individuals entering bad health. In particular, unemployment experience increases and educational attainment decreases the probability that a person will cease to enjoy good health. Income effects are, however, somewhat weaker, being confined to a small number of countries and being mainly observed only for the highest income quartile. Age and gender effects are also found.

AB - We employ a hazard function approach to estimate the effect of socio-economic and individual characteristics on the length of time that an individual remains in good health. The European Community Household Panel data set, for 13 European countries, for the years 1994-2002 is used. The study employs a relatively objective measure of physical health, the physical and mental health problems, illnesses and disabilities measure. The results show that socio-economic status does affect the likelihood of individuals entering bad health. In particular, unemployment experience increases and educational attainment decreases the probability that a person will cease to enjoy good health. Income effects are, however, somewhat weaker, being confined to a small number of countries and being mainly observed only for the highest income quartile. Age and gender effects are also found.

KW - education

KW - health duration

KW - unemployment

KW - self-rated health

KW - income inequality

KW - regression-analysis

KW - mental-health

KW - mortality

KW - unhappiness

KW - hardship

KW - gender

KW - models

KW - impact

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DO - 10.1111/j.1467-985X.2008.00541.x

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VL - 171

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EP - 952

JO - Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A, (Statistics in Society)

JF - Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A, (Statistics in Society)

SN - 0964-1998

IS - 4

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