Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: Tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands

David P. Schmitt, International Sexuality Description Project, L. Alcalay, J Allik, L. Ault, I. Austers, K. L. Bennett, Bert Timmermans, T. Vanhoomissen, F. Van Overwalle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

257 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evolutionary psychologists have hypothesized that men and women possess both long-term and short-term mating strategies, with men's short-term strategy differentially rooted in the desire for sexual variety. In this article, findings from a cross-cultural survey of 16,288 people across 10 major world regions (including North America, South America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Middle East, Africa, Oceania, South/Southeast Asia, and East Asia) demonstrate that sex differences in the desire for sexual variety are culturally universal throughout these world regions. Sex differences were evident regardless of whether mean, median, distributional, or categorical indexes of sexual differentiation were evaluated. Sex differences were evident regardless of the measures used to evaluate them. Among contemporary theories of human mating, pluralistic approaches that hypothesize sex differences in the evolved design of short-term mating provide the most compelling account of these robust empirical findings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-104
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003

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Islands
Sex Characteristics
Oceania
Southern Europe
East Africa
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Western Europe
psychologist
Middle East
Eastern Europe
Eastern Africa
Sex Differentiation
Southeastern Asia
Far East
South America
North America
Psychology

Cite this

Schmitt, D. P., International Sexuality Description Project, Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Ault, L., Austers, I., ... Van Overwalle, F. (2003). Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: Tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(1), 85-104. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.85.1.85

Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety : Tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands. / Schmitt, David P.; International Sexuality Description Project; Alcalay, L.; Allik, J; Ault, L.; Austers, I.; Bennett, K. L.; Timmermans, Bert; Vanhoomissen, T.; Van Overwalle, F.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 85, No. 1, 07.2003, p. 85-104.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schmitt, DP, International Sexuality Description Project, Alcalay, L, Allik, J, Ault, L, Austers, I, Bennett, KL, Timmermans, B, Vanhoomissen, T & Van Overwalle, F 2003, 'Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: Tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands' Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 85-104. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.85.1.85
Schmitt, David P. ; International Sexuality Description Project ; Alcalay, L. ; Allik, J ; Ault, L. ; Austers, I. ; Bennett, K. L. ; Timmermans, Bert ; Vanhoomissen, T. ; Van Overwalle, F. / Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety : Tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2003 ; Vol. 85, No. 1. pp. 85-104.
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