Use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia: case-control study

R. G. McCreadie, Simon Alexander Naji, Scottish Comorbidity Study Grp

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    162 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background Specialised services should be developed to help people with schizophrenia and associated substance misuse. The extent of the problem therefore needs to be known.

    Aims To determine the use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia drawn from rural, suburban and urban settings, and to compare use by general population control subjects.

    Method People with schizophrenia (n=316) and general population controls of similar gender distribution, age and postcode area of residence (n=250) were identified in rural, urban and suburban areas of Scotland. Use of drugs and alcohol was assessed by the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry, and use of tobacco by a questionnaire.

    Results More patients than controls reported problem use of drugs in the past year (22 (7%) v. 5 (2%)) and at sometime before then (50 (20%) v. 15 (6%)) and problem use of alcohol in the past year (42 (17%) v. 25 (10%)) but not at some time previously (99 (40%) v. 84 (34%)). More patients were current smokers (162 (65%) v. 99 (40%)).

    Conclusions Problem use of drugs and alcohol by people with schizophrenia is greater than in the general population, but absolute numbers are small. Tobacco use is the greatest problem.

    Declaration of interest None. The study was funded by the Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Executive, Edinburgh.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)321-325
    Number of pages4
    JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
    Volume181
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Keywords

    • DISORDERS
    • NITHSDALE
    • SYMPTOMS
    • ILLNESS
    • SMOKING
    • ABUSE

    Cite this

    Use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia: case-control study. / McCreadie, R. G.; Naji, Simon Alexander; Scottish Comorbidity Study Grp.

    In: British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 181, 2002, p. 321-325.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    McCreadie, R. G. ; Naji, Simon Alexander ; Scottish Comorbidity Study Grp. / Use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia: case-control study. In: British Journal of Psychiatry. 2002 ; Vol. 181. pp. 321-325.
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    abstract = "Background Specialised services should be developed to help people with schizophrenia and associated substance misuse. The extent of the problem therefore needs to be known.Aims To determine the use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia drawn from rural, suburban and urban settings, and to compare use by general population control subjects.Method People with schizophrenia (n=316) and general population controls of similar gender distribution, age and postcode area of residence (n=250) were identified in rural, urban and suburban areas of Scotland. Use of drugs and alcohol was assessed by the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry, and use of tobacco by a questionnaire.Results More patients than controls reported problem use of drugs in the past year (22 (7{\%}) v. 5 (2{\%})) and at sometime before then (50 (20{\%}) v. 15 (6{\%})) and problem use of alcohol in the past year (42 (17{\%}) v. 25 (10{\%})) but not at some time previously (99 (40{\%}) v. 84 (34{\%})). More patients were current smokers (162 (65{\%}) v. 99 (40{\%})).Conclusions Problem use of drugs and alcohol by people with schizophrenia is greater than in the general population, but absolute numbers are small. Tobacco use is the greatest problem.Declaration of interest None. The study was funded by the Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Executive, Edinburgh.",
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    T1 - Use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia: case-control study

    AU - McCreadie, R. G.

    AU - Naji, Simon Alexander

    AU - Scottish Comorbidity Study Grp

    PY - 2002

    Y1 - 2002

    N2 - Background Specialised services should be developed to help people with schizophrenia and associated substance misuse. The extent of the problem therefore needs to be known.Aims To determine the use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia drawn from rural, suburban and urban settings, and to compare use by general population control subjects.Method People with schizophrenia (n=316) and general population controls of similar gender distribution, age and postcode area of residence (n=250) were identified in rural, urban and suburban areas of Scotland. Use of drugs and alcohol was assessed by the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry, and use of tobacco by a questionnaire.Results More patients than controls reported problem use of drugs in the past year (22 (7%) v. 5 (2%)) and at sometime before then (50 (20%) v. 15 (6%)) and problem use of alcohol in the past year (42 (17%) v. 25 (10%)) but not at some time previously (99 (40%) v. 84 (34%)). More patients were current smokers (162 (65%) v. 99 (40%)).Conclusions Problem use of drugs and alcohol by people with schizophrenia is greater than in the general population, but absolute numbers are small. Tobacco use is the greatest problem.Declaration of interest None. The study was funded by the Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Executive, Edinburgh.

    AB - Background Specialised services should be developed to help people with schizophrenia and associated substance misuse. The extent of the problem therefore needs to be known.Aims To determine the use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia drawn from rural, suburban and urban settings, and to compare use by general population control subjects.Method People with schizophrenia (n=316) and general population controls of similar gender distribution, age and postcode area of residence (n=250) were identified in rural, urban and suburban areas of Scotland. Use of drugs and alcohol was assessed by the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry, and use of tobacco by a questionnaire.Results More patients than controls reported problem use of drugs in the past year (22 (7%) v. 5 (2%)) and at sometime before then (50 (20%) v. 15 (6%)) and problem use of alcohol in the past year (42 (17%) v. 25 (10%)) but not at some time previously (99 (40%) v. 84 (34%)). More patients were current smokers (162 (65%) v. 99 (40%)).Conclusions Problem use of drugs and alcohol by people with schizophrenia is greater than in the general population, but absolute numbers are small. Tobacco use is the greatest problem.Declaration of interest None. The study was funded by the Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Executive, Edinburgh.

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    KW - NITHSDALE

    KW - SYMPTOMS

    KW - ILLNESS

    KW - SMOKING

    KW - ABUSE

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