Use of Oil Palm Broom Fibres for Eco-friendly Concrete

Emmanuel Owoichoechi Momoh, Adelaja Israel Osofero

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The use of vegetative fibres in reinforcing concrete is void of the high carbon footprint associated with use of conventional reinforcements like steel. Until recently, the rib of the leaflets of the oil palm tree was only used for making brooms. These ribs referred to as Oil Palm Broom Fibres (OPBF) however potentially have mechanical characteristics similar to steel and can be incorporated in concrete to improve its mechanical properties. With a specific gravity of 0.84, an average length of 800mm and diameter varying between 0.20mm (at the tail) and 4.00mm (at the head), maximum tensile strength of 900MPa was recorded in the study, hence making the fibres superior to steel in terms of strength-to-weight ratio. Optical microscopy of fibre cross sections reveals randomly dispersed xylem cavities, a densely packed core but lightly packed cortex. This radial and longitudinal density gradient is responsible for the phenomenon whereby towards the cap of the fibres, the fibres are stiffer in bending but reduces in tensile strength. Investigation of mechanical properties of concrete incorporating OPBF as random fibre-reinforcement was carried out. Although the inclusion of OPBF in concrete reduces its compressive strength, the post-yield behaviour shows that energy absorption of the composite is enhanced, making OPBF-concrete a potential material for low-cost seismic construction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFifth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5)
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 29 Jan 2019
EventFifth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5)
- Kingston University, London, United Kingdom
Duration: 14 Jul 201917 Jul 2019
http://www.scmt.org.uk/

Conference

ConferenceFifth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5)
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period14/07/1917/07/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Concretes
Fibers
Steel
Tensile strength
Carbon footprint
Mechanical properties
Energy absorption
Fiber reinforced materials
Density (specific gravity)
Compressive strength
Optical microscopy
Reinforcement
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Construction.
  • OPBF-reinforced concrete
  • Eco-friendly Concrete
  • Natural Fibres
  • OPBF
  • Oil Palm Broom Fibres
  • OPBF-concrete

Cite this

Momoh, E. O., & Osofero, A. I. (Accepted/In press). Use of Oil Palm Broom Fibres for Eco-friendly Concrete. In Fifth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5)

Use of Oil Palm Broom Fibres for Eco-friendly Concrete. / Momoh, Emmanuel Owoichoechi; Osofero, Adelaja Israel.

Fifth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5). 2019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Momoh, EO & Osofero, AI 2019, Use of Oil Palm Broom Fibres for Eco-friendly Concrete. in Fifth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5). Fifth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5)
, London, United Kingdom, 14/07/19.
Momoh EO, Osofero AI. Use of Oil Palm Broom Fibres for Eco-friendly Concrete. In Fifth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5). 2019
Momoh, Emmanuel Owoichoechi ; Osofero, Adelaja Israel. / Use of Oil Palm Broom Fibres for Eco-friendly Concrete. Fifth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5). 2019.
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AB - The use of vegetative fibres in reinforcing concrete is void of the high carbon footprint associated with use of conventional reinforcements like steel. Until recently, the rib of the leaflets of the oil palm tree was only used for making brooms. These ribs referred to as Oil Palm Broom Fibres (OPBF) however potentially have mechanical characteristics similar to steel and can be incorporated in concrete to improve its mechanical properties. With a specific gravity of 0.84, an average length of 800mm and diameter varying between 0.20mm (at the tail) and 4.00mm (at the head), maximum tensile strength of 900MPa was recorded in the study, hence making the fibres superior to steel in terms of strength-to-weight ratio. Optical microscopy of fibre cross sections reveals randomly dispersed xylem cavities, a densely packed core but lightly packed cortex. This radial and longitudinal density gradient is responsible for the phenomenon whereby towards the cap of the fibres, the fibres are stiffer in bending but reduces in tensile strength. Investigation of mechanical properties of concrete incorporating OPBF as random fibre-reinforcement was carried out. Although the inclusion of OPBF in concrete reduces its compressive strength, the post-yield behaviour shows that energy absorption of the composite is enhanced, making OPBF-concrete a potential material for low-cost seismic construction.

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