Utilising Implanted Carbon Fibre As A Resistive Heating Element In Wind Turbine Blade Anti-icing Systems

Alireza Maheri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Wind turbines installed in cold climates are at risk of blade icing and required to be equipped with systems preventing the build-up of ice and/or ice removal. This paper presents the results of a preliminary investigation on the feasibility and suitability of using carbon fibres as resistive heating elements implanted in the structure of the composite blades. The proof of the concept of using carbon fibre implanted in a glass fibre composite as heating elements for de-icing purpose is demonstrated. Moreover, using a genetic algorithm (GA) optimiser the optimum depth of implanted carbon fibres and the optimum magnitude of heat source which minimise the energy consumption of the system whilst subjected to manufacturing and controllability constraints are obtained. A finite difference model has been also developed to perform the transient heat transfer analysis which is to be used as the evaluator for the optimiser module. The effect of heated fibres on the fibre-matrix debonding strength is also examined. It is shown that, heating the carbon fibres up to 95ºC does not affect the fibre-matrix debonding strength. However, the rapture of the carbon fibre tows uncovered in the polymer matrix is the dominant failure mode. Keywords: wind turbine, blade icing, resistive heating de-icing, resistive heating ant-icing, carbon fibre, GA optimisation, fibre-matrix de-bonding strength.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Characterisation VI
EditorsC.A. Brebbia, A. Klemm
PublisherWITPress
Pages297-308
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781845647209
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event6th International Conference on Computational Methods and Experiments in Materials Characterisation, MC 2013 - Siena, Italy
Duration: 4 Jun 20136 Jun 2013

Publication series

NameWIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences
PublisherWIT Press
Volume77
ISSN (Print)1743-3533

Conference

Conference6th International Conference on Computational Methods and Experiments in Materials Characterisation, MC 2013
CountryItaly
CitySiena
Period4/06/136/06/13

Fingerprint

Electric heating elements
Turbine Blade
Carbon Fiber
Wind Turbine
Wind turbines
Turbomachine blades
Carbon fibers
Snow and ice removal
Heating
Debonding
Fiber
Fibers
Blade
Genetic algorithms
Composite
Genetic Algorithm
Composite materials
Failure Mode
Ice
Heat Source

Keywords

  • Blade icing
  • Carbon fibre
  • Fibre-matrix de-bonding strength
  • GA optimization
  • Resistive heating ant-icing
  • Resistive heating de-icing
  • Wind turbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mathematics(all)

Cite this

Maheri, A. (2013). Utilising Implanted Carbon Fibre As A Resistive Heating Element In Wind Turbine Blade Anti-icing Systems. In C. A. Brebbia, & A. Klemm (Eds.), Materials Characterisation VI (pp. 297-308). (WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences; Vol. 77). WITPress. https://doi.org/10.2495/MC130261

Utilising Implanted Carbon Fibre As A Resistive Heating Element In Wind Turbine Blade Anti-icing Systems. / Maheri, Alireza.

Materials Characterisation VI. ed. / C.A. Brebbia; A. Klemm. WITPress, 2013. p. 297-308 (WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences; Vol. 77).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Maheri, A 2013, Utilising Implanted Carbon Fibre As A Resistive Heating Element In Wind Turbine Blade Anti-icing Systems. in CA Brebbia & A Klemm (eds), Materials Characterisation VI. WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences, vol. 77, WITPress, pp. 297-308, 6th International Conference on Computational Methods and Experiments in Materials Characterisation, MC 2013, Siena, Italy, 4/06/13. https://doi.org/10.2495/MC130261
Maheri A. Utilising Implanted Carbon Fibre As A Resistive Heating Element In Wind Turbine Blade Anti-icing Systems. In Brebbia CA, Klemm A, editors, Materials Characterisation VI. WITPress. 2013. p. 297-308. (WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences). https://doi.org/10.2495/MC130261
Maheri, Alireza. / Utilising Implanted Carbon Fibre As A Resistive Heating Element In Wind Turbine Blade Anti-icing Systems. Materials Characterisation VI. editor / C.A. Brebbia ; A. Klemm. WITPress, 2013. pp. 297-308 (WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences).
@inbook{abd5c58ee1fb43b68856ec2992c177bf,
title = "Utilising Implanted Carbon Fibre As A Resistive Heating Element In Wind Turbine Blade Anti-icing Systems",
abstract = "Wind turbines installed in cold climates are at risk of blade icing and required to be equipped with systems preventing the build-up of ice and/or ice removal. This paper presents the results of a preliminary investigation on the feasibility and suitability of using carbon fibres as resistive heating elements implanted in the structure of the composite blades. The proof of the concept of using carbon fibre implanted in a glass fibre composite as heating elements for de-icing purpose is demonstrated. Moreover, using a genetic algorithm (GA) optimiser the optimum depth of implanted carbon fibres and the optimum magnitude of heat source which minimise the energy consumption of the system whilst subjected to manufacturing and controllability constraints are obtained. A finite difference model has been also developed to perform the transient heat transfer analysis which is to be used as the evaluator for the optimiser module. The effect of heated fibres on the fibre-matrix debonding strength is also examined. It is shown that, heating the carbon fibres up to 95ºC does not affect the fibre-matrix debonding strength. However, the rapture of the carbon fibre tows uncovered in the polymer matrix is the dominant failure mode. Keywords: wind turbine, blade icing, resistive heating de-icing, resistive heating ant-icing, carbon fibre, GA optimisation, fibre-matrix de-bonding strength.",
keywords = "Blade icing, Carbon fibre, Fibre-matrix de-bonding strength, GA optimization, Resistive heating ant-icing, Resistive heating de-icing, Wind turbine",
author = "Alireza Maheri",
note = "The author would like to thank the Northumbria University graduates Dale Whitehead, Benjamin Smith and James Brooke for their contribution to this research.",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.2495/MC130261",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781845647209",
series = "WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences",
publisher = "WITPress",
pages = "297--308",
editor = "C.A. Brebbia and A. Klemm",
booktitle = "Materials Characterisation VI",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Utilising Implanted Carbon Fibre As A Resistive Heating Element In Wind Turbine Blade Anti-icing Systems

AU - Maheri, Alireza

N1 - The author would like to thank the Northumbria University graduates Dale Whitehead, Benjamin Smith and James Brooke for their contribution to this research.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Wind turbines installed in cold climates are at risk of blade icing and required to be equipped with systems preventing the build-up of ice and/or ice removal. This paper presents the results of a preliminary investigation on the feasibility and suitability of using carbon fibres as resistive heating elements implanted in the structure of the composite blades. The proof of the concept of using carbon fibre implanted in a glass fibre composite as heating elements for de-icing purpose is demonstrated. Moreover, using a genetic algorithm (GA) optimiser the optimum depth of implanted carbon fibres and the optimum magnitude of heat source which minimise the energy consumption of the system whilst subjected to manufacturing and controllability constraints are obtained. A finite difference model has been also developed to perform the transient heat transfer analysis which is to be used as the evaluator for the optimiser module. The effect of heated fibres on the fibre-matrix debonding strength is also examined. It is shown that, heating the carbon fibres up to 95ºC does not affect the fibre-matrix debonding strength. However, the rapture of the carbon fibre tows uncovered in the polymer matrix is the dominant failure mode. Keywords: wind turbine, blade icing, resistive heating de-icing, resistive heating ant-icing, carbon fibre, GA optimisation, fibre-matrix de-bonding strength.

AB - Wind turbines installed in cold climates are at risk of blade icing and required to be equipped with systems preventing the build-up of ice and/or ice removal. This paper presents the results of a preliminary investigation on the feasibility and suitability of using carbon fibres as resistive heating elements implanted in the structure of the composite blades. The proof of the concept of using carbon fibre implanted in a glass fibre composite as heating elements for de-icing purpose is demonstrated. Moreover, using a genetic algorithm (GA) optimiser the optimum depth of implanted carbon fibres and the optimum magnitude of heat source which minimise the energy consumption of the system whilst subjected to manufacturing and controllability constraints are obtained. A finite difference model has been also developed to perform the transient heat transfer analysis which is to be used as the evaluator for the optimiser module. The effect of heated fibres on the fibre-matrix debonding strength is also examined. It is shown that, heating the carbon fibres up to 95ºC does not affect the fibre-matrix debonding strength. However, the rapture of the carbon fibre tows uncovered in the polymer matrix is the dominant failure mode. Keywords: wind turbine, blade icing, resistive heating de-icing, resistive heating ant-icing, carbon fibre, GA optimisation, fibre-matrix de-bonding strength.

KW - Blade icing

KW - Carbon fibre

KW - Fibre-matrix de-bonding strength

KW - GA optimization

KW - Resistive heating ant-icing

KW - Resistive heating de-icing

KW - Wind turbine

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887573527&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2495/MC130261

DO - 10.2495/MC130261

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9781845647209

T3 - WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences

SP - 297

EP - 308

BT - Materials Characterisation VI

A2 - Brebbia, C.A.

A2 - Klemm, A.

PB - WITPress

ER -