What Are the Most Atheistic Societies?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter uses data from the World Values Survey, the European Values Study, and the International Social Survey Program to identify the most atheistic societies in the world. This is accomplished by examining levels of (1) self-defined atheism and (2) nonbelief in God. The chapter also explains how these measures differ at the cross-national scale.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAtheism in 5 Minutes
EditorsTeemu Taira
PublisherEquinox Publishing
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781800502383
ISBN (Print)9781800502369, 9781800502376
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameReligion in 5 minutes
PublisherEquinox Publishing


  • atheism
  • atheist
  • agnostic
  • agnosticism
  • religious belief
  • religious practice
  • non-religion
  • beliefs


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