What are the motivating and hindering factors for health professionals to undertake new roles in hospitals? A study among physicians, nurses and managers looking at Breast Cancer and Acute Myocardial Infarction care in nine countries

Julia Köppen (Corresponding Author), Claudia B. Maier, Reinhard Busse, MUNROS team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background Many European countries experience health workforce skill-mix challenges due to demographic changes, multimorbidity and medical technology. Yet, there is limited cross-country research in hospitals.
Methods Cross sectional, observational study on staff role changes and contributing factors in nine European countries. Survey of physicians, nurses and managers (n = 1,524) in 112 hospitals treating patients with breast cancer or acute myocardial infarction. Group differences were analysed across country clusters (skill-mix reform countries [England, Scotland and the Netherlands] vs. no reform countries [Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Norway, Poland and Turkey]) and stratified by physicians, nurses and managers, using Chi-squared, Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests.
Results Nurses in countries with major skill-mix reforms reported more frequently being motivated to undertake a new role (66.5%) and having the opportunity to do so (52.4%), compared to nurses in countries with no or minor reforms (39.2%; 24.8%; p < .001 each). Physicians and nurses considered intrinsic motivating factors (personal satisfaction, use of qualifications) more motivating than extrinsic factors (salary, career opportunities). Reported barriers were workforce shortages, facilitators were professional and management support. Managers’ recruitment decisions on choice of staff were mainly influenced by skills, competences and experience of staff.

Conclusion Managers need to know the motivational factors of their employees and enabling versus hindering factors within their organisations to govern change effectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1118-1125
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Policy
Volume122
Issue number10
Early online date26 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Motivation
  • Physicians
  • Nurses
  • Personnel Administration
  • Hospital
  • Health workforce
  • New Roles

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